News July 29, 2014 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Palestinian journalists under fire On 23 July, Israeli security forces arrested Raya TV correspondent Mahmoud Abu Khdeir, at his home in the Shuafat neighborhood in East Jerusalem. According to MADA, the Palestinian Centre for Media and Development, the journalist was scheduled to appear in an Israeli court on 28 July. On 21 July, freelance photographer Amjad Arafa was wounded in the shoulder near Al-Makassed Hospital in East Jerusalem, and received emergency treatment. A BBC Arabic correspondent was attacked the same day by an Israeli private citizen. Firas Al-Khatib, was in the midst of a live broadcast from the Gaza border when the Israeli physically and verbally attacked him in full view of the camera. A member of the TV crew intervened to protect the journalist.Meanwhile, Israel is going beyond its military censorship procedures to exert control over program content. The Israeli Broadcasting Authority prohibited on 24 July the broadcast of a spot produced by B’Tselem, an Israeli NGO, which listed the names of 150 children killed in Gaza.B’Tselem had been trying to prompt a debate in Israeli society over attacks on civilians, especially children. The IBA decision to prohibit broadcast of the spot in Israeli was based on the content, which was deemed “politically controversial.” B’Tselem announced that it would appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel to overturn the broadcast ban. PalestineMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en Follow the news on Palestine May 16, 2021 Find out more News Receive email alerts Organisation RSF asks ICC prosecutor to say whether Israeli airstrikes on media in Gaza constitute war crimes Israel now holding 13 Palestinian journalists Following 22 days of a conflict in which 1,100 Palestinians as well as 47 Israeli soldiers and three civilians have been killed, the Israeli Defence Forces at dawn on 29 July, bombed the headquarters of Al-Aqsa TV, the Hamas channel, located in the Nasser neighbourhood, northeast of Gaza City. Despite the destruction of some equipment and material, the station continued broadcasting via clandestine studios.Forty-five minutes later, the Hamas radio station, Al-Aqsa, came under fire. Located in the Al-Shourouq building, in the Rimal neighbourhood of downtown Gaza City, the station went off the air after the attack. No employees were wounded.The building houses a number of media bureaus, many of them damaged. The offices of Al-Aqsa TV in Burj Al-Shourouq had been hit by Israeli rocket fire two days earlier, on 27 July.As the IDF Operation “Protective Edge” proceeds, a rocket hit the 15th floor of the building in Burj Al-Shurouq, in the Al-Rimal neighbourhood of Gaza City, that houses the station, according to Sa’ad Radwan, the station’s director general. The attack caused considerable physical damage including the destruction of some station equipment.Reporters Without Borders strongly condemns direct fire on the Hamas broadcast stations. The fact that media serve as propaganda organs does not justify making them a military target, RWB said. An expert committee formed by the International Criminal Court’s prosecutor for the former Yugoslavia, to assess the NATO bombing campaign of 1999, specified that a journalist or media organization is not a legitimate target merely because it broadcasts or disseminates propaganda.“Attacks against civilian targets constitute war crimes and serious violations of the Geneva Conventions,” Christophe Deloire, the secretary-general of the press freedom organization said during “Pillar of Defence,” the 2012 IDF operation in Gaza. “Those responsible must be identified.”On 24 July, Abdurrahman Abu Hina, a programming staffer at Al-Kitab TV, was killed during Israeli bombing on the Al-Shuja’iya neighbourhood of east Gaza, where he was visiting family. The attack killed 60 people in all, including the journalist’s brother and grandfather, who had been in the family home. On 23 July, Saber Ibrahim Nour Eddine, a photographer for Deutsche Press-Agentur, a German press agency, was wounded by shrapnel from a mortar fired by the IDF while covering, alongside colleagues, the removal of bodies from Al-Shuja’iya. He was taken to Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City where he received emergency treatment. The day before, Sakher Madhat Abou Al-Aoun, a journalist for AFP, a French news agency, was wounded in the face from Israeli missile fire, near Al-Shifa Hospital.Violence in Israel and the West BankWhile the Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip is the major focus of events, the people of many West Bank cities are infuriated by toll inflicted by “Protective Edge.” Nine Palestinians in all have been killed in the West Bank, six of them on 25 July alone, which had been dubbed a “Day of Rage.” Many others were wounded.Palestinian journalists were among the injured. On 26 July, journalist Rami Al-Khatib, as well as Moaz Mish’al, a photographer for Agence Anatolia, a Turkish press agency, were wounded by rubber bullets while covering confrontations between Palestinians and Israeli troops in Beit El, north of Jerusalem. The day before, journalist Thaer Abu Baker was wounded by Israeli gunfire in Jenin, in the northern West Bank.Nader Beibars, producer of the daily “Good Morning Jerusalem” program on Palestine TV, was hit by a rubber bullet in the Wadi Al-Joz neighourhood of Jerusalem on 24 July. The same day, other news professionals were also wounded. Among them were Zakkariyya Al-Salhi, editor at Ramsat Co., and Shadi Hatem, a photographer for Raya FM, who were hit by Israeli fire as troops were trying to break up a Palestinian demonstration at the Qalandia border checkpoint in north Jerusalem. PalestineMiddle East – North Africa News to go further WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists Covering the military conflict and its ripple effects in Gaza and the West Bank, Palestinian media, including Hamas broadcast stations, find themselves in the IDF crosshairs May 28, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information News June 3, 2021 Find out more
That tournament has plenty of detractors, though, and May – pointing to the example of current Premier League leaders Liverpool, who have not played in Europe during this campaign – is in no doubt that United’s chances of rebuilding will be improved if they are without that commitment. Asked about the prospect of the Red Devils participating in the Europa League next season, May told Press Association Sport: “Personally, I wouldn’t take it if it were offered to me. “I think United need to concentrate next season on doing well in the Premier League. “You look at Liverpool – they could go on and win the Premier League this year, and they will only have played 43 games. They missed out on playing on Thursday nights, and I think it has benefited them. “If it gives United that extra edge just going in the three domestic competitions then I think it would be best for them to do that. “Playing in the Europa League is not the be all and end all. It is all about playing in the Champions League and returning to that has to be United’s aim next season.” Since the Premier League started in 1992, there has never been a season when United have not competed in Europe. But May, who was a Red Devils player when the club won the 1999 European Cup final, is comfortable with the idea of that being broken if it helps the club ensure it is only a one-year hiatus from the Champions League. United were eliminated from the Champions League on Wednesday and are set to miss out on a route into next term’s competition, with them heading for a Barclays Premier League finish outside of the top four. They are seventh with five games left and securing a spot in the Europa League is the only realistic-looking way they will secure continental football for 2014/15. Press Association Former Manchester United defender David May feels the club will be better off next season if they do not qualify for the Europa League. The 43-year-old, speaking in Manchester in his position as an ambassador for the StreetGames Football Pools Fives, added: “Playing Thursdays and then Sundays doesn’t give you a chance really to build any momentum in the Premier League. “In terms of missing out on Europe for one season, there will be a little bit of a financial loss with that, but I would be happy to stick to the three domestic trophies next term.” The questioning of United boss David Moyes’ suitability for the role has only increased over the course of a hugely disappointing campaign following his appointment as successor to Sir Alex Ferguson last summer. And the Red Devils, beaten six times at home in the league this term, look set for a major overhaul ahead of next season. But May does not think that should include a change of manager. Asked if he felt Moyes has to go this summer, May said: “I don’t think so. “We have had injuries and people have got a year older in the likes of Rio Ferdinand, Nemanja Vidic and Patrice Evra. “It is time to bring some young, fresh players in and I’m sure in the summer the manager will do that. “Playing away, I think United have done really well, but the games they have lost at Old Trafford have been really disappointing. “You don’t like getting beaten at all, especially on your own pitch, but when you get done 3-0 by (Manchester) City and 3-0 by Liverpool, that is tough to take. “What is even worse is losing home games against the likes of Newcastle, Everton and West Brom – games you would expect to win. “David Moyes is breaking records for all the wrong reasons. It has been a tough season at home. “But our away form has been fantastic and if things can be turned around so that Old Trafford is a fortress again, then hopefully we can start seeing improvement.”
Press Association Steven Gerrard insists Wayne Rooney should still be the go-to man for England at Euro 2016. Rooney, who took over as England skipper when Gerrard retired from international duty in 2014, became his country’s all-time leading goalscorer in September but his recent club form has drawn criticism. While other English stars have been scoring for fun Rooney has only managed two goals in 15 Premier League appearances this term, but Gerrard feels Rooney offers more. “Jamie Vardy is doing well, Harry Kane is doing well but in a big game who is England’s best chance of scoring?” Gerrard told the Daily Mail. “Does anyone think it is not Wayne Rooney in this room? If there is a penalty in the last 10 minutes to progress out of a group or into a quarter-final who would you want to take it? “Who does everyone in the dressing room at Manchester United and England look to for inspiration? Who are they all hiding behind pressure wise when it isn’t going well? Wayne Rooney does more than just score goals, he has an impact on the whole team and squad.” Rooney’s struggles have been highlighted with United currently on an eight-match winless slump, which has seen them dumped out of the Champions League and slide out of the top four. Gerrard feels it is only a matter of time before Rooney turns things around and believes fans should support him as he tries to do so. He added: “He has said he is not in the best form of his life but people need to support him and help get into better form for England and United. The easiest thing to do is point fingers and say ‘get him out’ – I’ve been there when you are under a bit of pressure and everyone is having a go. “No one wants to turn that round more than you do but you need help. I’m not saying nobody should criticise him, but let’s analyse it properly. He hasn’t lost ability. And he’s probably the only person capable or proven to get the goals you need to progress in a tournament.”
Stiemsma sitsOne game after connecting on all four of his shots from thefield and registering 10 points in Wisconsin?s win at Penn State, senior centerGreg Stiemsma didn?t play at all Saturday.While part of the reason may have been based on the matchup,Ryan said Stiemsma got nicked up during practice. Ryan then feigned ignoranceas to the actual injury.?I never know, they don?t tell me,? Ryan said, later admittingit was ?below the waist.? JEFF SCHORFHEIDE/Herald photoTo honor their history, some teams don throwback uniforms orwelcome back former players for an old timers? game.On Saturday night, the Wisconsin basketball team celebratedthe 10-year anniversary of the Kohl Center with a throwback game of sorts.With former head coach Dick Bennett and building namesakeand financier Herb Kohl in attendance, Wisconsin faced off against Big Ten foeNorthwestern ? the same team that helped open the building with a 56-33 loss toBennett?s UW squad ? and ground out a 62-50 victory in an ugly contest.?They were resilient and stayed true to the task at hand,?UW head coach Bo Ryan said. ?They didn?t get frazzled and pull apart. ? Youeither have to be the dentist or be the patient. Either you?re pulling theteeth, or you?re the patient getting them yanked.?A more fitting analogy might not have been possible, as itcertainly seemed like pulling teeth for either team to score in the first half.Northwestern mucked up the action for the Wisconsin offensein the first half with a 1-3-1 zone and patiently executedtheir Princeton back-cut offense to dictate a very Bennett-esque 22-20 halftimescore.?I thought our 1-3-1 zone was effective,? Northwestern headcoach Bill Carmody said. ?I thought they took as much time (offensively) as wedid. ? I think the way they approached the zone shortened the game also.?It certainly wasn?t pretty, but that?s the way Carmodywanted it.?We?ve beentrying to work on that, have teams play us a little longer, because I thoughtwe?d been shooting the ball a little too quickly,? Carmody said. ?I thoughtthat here would be a good game to move the ball and cut and see if we couldcome up with some good looks.?But I think that?s the way we play if we?re going to beatthese guys.?The zone seemed to frustrate the Badgers at times throughoutthe first half, as forced entry passes to the post sailed over the target andout of bounds or off the rim or backboard multiple times.Showing some of the same dry wit as his coach, forward JoeKrabbenhoft tried to explain away some of the errant passes.?Those were shots,? Krabbenhoft joked before leveling withreporters. ?At times we were (frustrated), throwing the ball out of bounds,throwing it off the rim. You know that?s not good, but at least we were lookingto be aggressive.?Four days after pouring 80 points on a helpless Penn Stateteam, Wisconsin further showcased its ability to score points and win games Saturday,an attribute that will serve the team well in postseason play.Despite scoring only 62 points, the Badgers connected on48.6 percent of their shots and averaged 1.03 points per possession (1.37 inthe second half) ? both very respectable figures.?We did a good job,? Krabbenhoft said. ?I don?t know theexact number, but (with) points per possession we were above 1. That?ssomething we always strive for, so I thought we did a decent job.?
ASA monitoring sweep marks gambling as the worst underage advertising offender August 26, 2020 Share The UK Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) has banned a TV advert by online casino operator Bear Group Ltd promoting casino white-label brand Daily Star Wins (StarWins.com).The advertising watchdog deemed that the TV-advert ‘Star Wins 30’ produced by Bear Group breached UK gambling services promotional standards on the counts of ‘objectifying woman’ and suggesting that betting can enhance consumer ‘personal qualities and attractiveness’.ASA informs that it has received viewer complaints relating to the advertisement’s sexually leaning content, which was created by Channel 5 and aired last January.Stating its defence, Bear Group operator of StarWins.com has stated that at no point does the advert highlight sexual allusion by its cast members. The operator further stated that the actresses featured in the advert are dressed as croupiers, and not overtly sexualized manner (advert featured below).Despite Bear Groups objection, advertising watchdog ASA has rejected the defence moving to ban the TV Advert.Daily Star Wins (StarWins.com) ‘Star Wins Free 30’ advert Submit Related Articles UK gambling adopts toughest online advertising code to protect underage audiences August 27, 2020 Share Lee Willows, YGAM: Education is central to gambling reform July 9, 2020 StumbleUpon
Will the Giants trade Madison Bumgarner? ‘It’s impossible to say’ The Rays appear to be exploring their options before the trade deadline.Tampa Bay has “checked in” on Tigers slugger Nicholas Castellanos and spoken with the Giants about dealing for a reliever, according to reports from MLB Insider Jon Heyman and MLB Network. In addition to Cubs, Rays have checked in on Nick Castellanos. Not a perfect fit, tho, and no evidence it’s close yet with them. @cmccosky 1st mentioned Cubs.— Jon Heyman (@JonHeyman) July 23, 2019Castellanos, 27, is slashing .284/.342/.480 with 11 home runs and 36 RBIs in 93 games for Detroit this season. He will be a free agent after the season and has also been linked to the Cubs.Castellanos said last month he was not expecting to be with the Tigers long-term. Related News Is Cubs trade target Nicholas Castellanos trying to up his value by ripping Tigers’ ballpark? “I don’t have a college education,” Castellanos said at the time, via The Athletic. “But I can pick up the pieces and put a puzzle together. I’m not saying that this is 100% what it’s going to be, but if I’m a gambling man, I don’t see (the Tigers) offering me an extension at this point in time.”The Giants, meanwhile, were expected to be sellers but have won nine and of their last 10. They’re just two games out of the second National League wild-card spot.Source: #Rays, #SFGiants have been in contact regarding Giants relievers. Giants may move a reliever and keep Bumgarner after recent surge, especially if deal is need-for-need at @MLB level. Joey Wendle or Michael Brosseau would help SF infield. @MLBNetwork— Jon Morosi (@jonmorosi) July 23, 2019The Rays are also in playoff contention as they are one game back of the Athletics for the second wild-card spot in the American League entering play Tuesday.“I think we’re always open to transactions and trades, and I will expect that to be no different (this year),” Rays general manager Erik Neander said earlier this month, via MLB.com. “We never go into it thinking we need to make a trade, or three trades, or five trades. We just try and be in position to make moves that can have a chance to help us. “Our position in the standings is different than what it was last year and two years ago and so on, but I think we’ll look to be opportunistic. If things line up, there’s no limit. But if we don’t make any (trades), we’re OK with that, too. We just want to be prepared and in position.”Tampa Bay starter Tyler Glasnow has been out since mid-May with a right forearm strain. Tyler Glasnow injury update: Rays ‘don’t know’ if starter will pitch again this season
A Cute Accessory Wear as a cute bracelet on-the-go without leaving tight marks on your wrist Bought these as i wanted to see what all the fuss was about. Naturally these will be different for everyone, because everyone’s hair has a different behaviour and consistency. My hair is naturally straight and quite fine. I was nervous because the band is quite wide which i’ve never had before but this doesn’t really make any difference to how it ties in your hair. For me personally the ‘no dent’ doesn’t work if i’m wearing my hair up all day, but perhaps when tying up for a couple of hours this would be different. The great thing i find is when pulling the hairband out it doesn’t rip my hair. If you pull slowly using the tag left after the knot it slowly releases and weaves out of your hair. This is awesome as with other hairbands i struggle to pull them out and then see snaps of hair wound all around the band. I was sceptical about them holding my hair, but it hold my hair up in a high ponytail all day without feeling tight on my head, i tie with 3 twists to get the right fit for my hair. These are really nice to wear and don’t snag your hair. Just a little over priced i think. I do believe that i have less hair breakage since using these. I believe that is their usp. Lovely colours and these hairbands are so comfortable don’t snag the hair at all. Really nice colours and hold my hair up well. Seem good quality and should be as quite expensive. These bands are especially kind to the hair, yes they are a little expensive but last a long time. I have been using them for about 7 months and they are still going strong. When they’ve lost a little bit of elasticity i just pop them in the washing machine and they come out like new again. Feel soft in hair! Popbands are: Posted on June 12, 2019Author Nathalie DuboisCategories Ponytail HoldersTags Popband Your Style Finish off any outfit with a hair tie to match, hold hair up tight whatever the thickness 5 Pack Printed Hair Ties -Allegra 5 Pack Solid Hair Ties – Ink 4 Pack Solid Hair Ties – Sherbert 3 Pack Headband – Blonde No Tie Stretchy Poplaces – Grey The world’s kindest hair ties! Great for not ripping hair out. Love these, you can buy cheaper ones but these are such good quality i would rather pay a little more for better quality. The cheap ones i found are rubbish compared to these. Would highly recommend them. Good product, but the claim about not kinking your hair is not true. They don’t keep the elastic tightness after a while. Nice colours, nice quality, seem to hold ponytail well without leaving a kink. Be interesting to see how they last. Bought them for sunshine holiday (holiday for me, not the hair bands), and think they will be ideal. I like that they can be worn on wrist and look slightly better than an elasticated band when not deployed in hair. A bit different from the usual ones. Popbands hold hair up tight without leaving creases/dents in your hair. I am now a complete convert to popbands and haven’t used anything else to tie back my hair since i’ve received them. They are very effective at holding my hair in a pony tail or in a bun and manage to do that without being excessively tight or tearing my hair. These day glo colours wouldn’t be my first choice but they are fun and eye catching. Good looking and good quality. I can’t believe how good these are. I have very long thick hair and these grip better than any other hair tie. They don’t snag or kink your hair whilst being a stylish addition to your hair style. These ponytail holders are very popular with my 5 year old granddaughters;the colours are bright and funky,and the bands hold their fine hair really well without snagging or getting entangled. They are very stretchy so you need to wrap them around a few times,but they don’t fall out easily and can fit nicely onto wrists for a fun bracelet;that way you always have one on hand if their hair is falling into their eyes. Perfect for sports, workouts, yoga, running, and everyday use, Popbands hold hair up tight no matter how thin or thick (without leaving a dent) Impressed so far Kind To Hair Soft and stretchy hairbands that hold hair tightly but still leave hair ‘kink-free’ We Are Definitely Fans A Beauty Essential Keep hair away from your face for applying make-up without creasing your hair Popband Pack of 5 – Pop Fantastic gift ideas for all occasions, Popbands come pre-packaged so arrive clean, fresh, and beautifully presented Popbands double up as super-cute wrist accessories, coordinate with the Popband in your hair, or choose one to compliment your outfit. SummaryReviewer Nathalie DuboisReview Date2019-06-12 11:20:39Reviewed Item Popband Solid Colour Ponytail Holder Hair Bands/Ties 5 Pack – PopRating 4.4 / 5 stars, based on 285 reviews These pop bands are at the higher end of the scale for quality. Stay in place and keep their elasticity well, can highly recommend. These stretchy bands work really well for my granddaughters,who are 5 and have fine,curly long hair. It’s normally quite a job to keep their hair tied back as most hairbands soon come undone and fall out,but popbands last a long time in their hair but are really easy to remove. They never seem to get tangled in the hair,or to leave marks even if they are in all day. They also make a cute little bracelet to wear on the wrist,(mine or theirs)so you always have one handy if you need it. They are pricier than most,but they are very effective and don’t tend to get lost,so a pack of 5 lasts a long time. These bands never crease the hair highly recommend. Very expensive but worth it. They are one of the few versions of a ponytail holder that will stay in my very fine silky hair. Also they do not pull the way other cheaper ones do. Not as stretchy as the usual pop bands. With so many designs and colours to choose from, there is a Popband for everyone The hair ties that every girl needs, with a design of bands perfect for every occasion from sparkly designs for parties, vibrant prints for summer to plain for work and school. THE KINDEST HAIR TIE If you are fed up of dented and damaged hair from scruffy hair ties, then it is time to try Popbands! Available in endless colours and prints to match any outfit, these super-stretchy hairbands are designed to protect your luscious locks. Developed and tested to perfection, we have created the ultimate hairbands and headbands for girls and women of all ages. They look fabulous as bracelets for when you need a hair tie on-the-go, without the impression marks left on your wrists. There’s a design for everyone with new designs inspired by the latest catwalk trends, urban styles or classic chic. With active hair ties available too with a slightly wider design to provide additional support during sports activities! Hairbands Pack of 5
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader“So where is it coming from, and what more can we do?” This is a question many northwest Ohio farmers ask themselves, knowing they will likely be the ones to take the blame as the subject of the Lake Erie algal bloom regularly makes headlines in the paper and on the evening news. Considering the weather challenges faced during the planting season of 2019, many farmers are left perplexed. According to Jason Williamson of the Williamson Insurance Agency, the question is valid. “Looking at the prevent plant numbers released by the USDA, 30% of the acres in the counties we cover in Northwest Ohio are prevent plant,” he said. “Wood County alone reported over 50% prevent plant.”Those are acres where farmers did not get a crop in the ground, and the vast majority did not apply any fertilizer this spring or summer. With that being said, the lake is on track to have its fourth or fifth largest harmful algal bloom (HAB) on record. Farmers are asking where the phosphorus is coming from, and what more can they do if this happens when they didn’t apply fertilizer or manure.According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom Bulletin, released on Sept. 3, “The Microcystis cyanobacteria bloom continues in the western basin of Lake Erie. Recent satellite imagery showed the bloom extending from Maumee Bay north along the Michigan coast, to Brest Bay; east along the Ohio coast to the Marblehead Peninsula, and offshore through the Bass Islands, and up to 10 miles east of Pelee Island.”“So far, we are on par with the July prediction of a 7.5 or 8 for the severity of the bloom, which would make it possibly the fourth or fifth largest,” said Chris Winslow, director for Ohio Sea Grant and Ohio State’s Stone Laboratory. In July, NOAA and its research partners predicted western Lake Erie would experience a harmful algal bloom of cyanobacteria this summer significantly larger than the mild bloom in 2018. Scientists predicted this year’s bloom to measure greater than a 7 on the severity index. The severity index is based on a bloom’s biomass — the amount of its harmful algae — over a sustained period. The largest blooms, 2011 and 2015, were 10 and 10.5, respectively. Last year’s bloom had a severity of 3.6 which is considered a mild bloom. Ohio soybean farmers, along with other commodity groups in the state, have invested millions of dollars in research aimed at determining the cause of the algal bloom, and finding potential management practices to functionally mitigate the problem. Farmers are working closely with universities, government agencies, and environmental groups to make changes to protect the water. Practices like cover crops, nutrient management plans, soil sampling and more are increasing every year, and farmers are applying less fertilizer than ever before.So where is all this coming from? When asked this question, Winslow said the phosphorus in the lake that is causing the bloom is largely coming from “three buckets” as he likes to refer to them. The “first bucket” as he refers to it is what he identifies as current use phosphorus.“This is real-time phosphorus. This phosphorus would come from fertilizer applied in the spring that is available to the plants and can get in the water right now. Due to the lack of planting this spring and limited fertilizer application as a result of the weather, this first bucket is most likely not a substantial contributor this year,” Winslow said. “The second bucket is from the legacy phosphorus. This is the phosphorus that was already found in the lake or is held in the soils’ that have high phosphorus levels. This is phosphorus available to the algal bloom every year. The third bucket of phosphorus results from the heavy rainfall events and large amounts of precipitation we frequently receive.”These large rain events move phosphorus found in the soil and environment into the lake. Winslow surmises that the phosphorus contributing to this year’s bloom is largely from the legacy phosphorus and any phosphorus the large rain events have carried to the lake.“Our prediction was that 24% less phosphorus would be entering the lake (due to less fertilizer being applied) this year. We have equipment that pulls river water samples at various locations all across the watersheds in the Western Lake Erie Basin. We can detect when, and in general where, we get phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) spikes as the water travels to the lake. We know what the water samples show at the beginning, and as the various tributaries empty into the watershed along the way,” Winslow said. “For example, in a normal year, we can tell when farmers are sidedressing their corn because if we get a large rain event, we see a spike in the N level in the samples from those areas at that time. With our sampling equipment, we know the levels of N and P before and after each event.”Winslow explained that this year was beneficial to the researchers because they were able to observe a change in one of the variables, or “buckets” as he describes them. The decline in the amount of “real-time” phosphorus that was applied in the spring and summer on a large scale has allowed researchers to observe the response of the bloom with the other two “buckets” remaining relatively the same. Winslow said having the “three buckets” makes finding simple solutions to the algal bloom situation challenging for farmers.“If we did not have the ‘third bucket’ of large and frequent rain events this year, we would have had a regular planting season and more normal fertilizer application, which is the source in the ‘first bucket.’ Due to the frequent and heavy rains in the ‘third bucket,’ we did not have as much of the ‘first bucket’ real-time phosphorus applied, but still had the “second bucket” legacy phosphorus, and still more of the ‘third bucket’ heavy rains,” Winslow said. “Any combination of the buckets is a problem.”When explaining how the forecast for the harmful algal bloom is made, he noted that the formula to forecast the bloom is based on the river water samples from the first of March to the end of July in a given year.“Anything prior to the first of March, and the lake is too cool for it to have any real impact on the algae. By August and September, the lake is beginning to cool again, and additional phosphorus by that point will have little to no effect on the current bloom,” he said. “Typically, the peak of the bloom is around the end of August or early September. Sometime later in October NOAA will issue their final number rating.”Winslow pointed out that the size of a bloom is not necessarily an indication of how toxic it is and the location of the bloom is important to consider as well.“Research has found that high concentrations of phosphorus in the water can increase the size of the bloom. High concentrations of nitrogen in the water can increase the toxicity of the bloom,” he said. “Winds drive the location of the bloom. The strong easterly wind has kept the bloom largely in the WLEB.”He also noted that the waves mix the water and algae bloom. This can impact drinking water quality for many of the cities that get their water from the lake because the water intakes are located near the bottom of the lake.“On a calm and still day, the bloom is largely on or near the surface. As the winds pick up and the water churns, it causes the bloom to mix and be distributed across the various layers of the water,” Winslow said. “If the water is calm and the bloom is near the surface, it is not a concern. It becomes more of a concern when the water churns and the bloom mixes in the different layers that it could potentially be a factor for the water intake structures near the bottom.”According to NOAA, the observed conditions the end of August and beginning of September promoted mixing and eastern transport of surface bloom concentration, now present in the central basin. Measured toxin concentrations were below recreational thresholds throughout most of the bloom extent.Ohio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.
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