A data-driven physical model of the energetic electrons in the Earth’s radiation belts, called the Radiation Belt Environment (RBE) model, has been developed to understand Earth’s radiation belt dynamics and to predict the radiation conditions found there. This model calculates radiation belt electron fluxes from 10 keV to 6 MeV in the inner magnetosphere. It takes into account the realistic, time-varying magnetic field and considers effects of wave-particle interactions with whistler mode chorus waves. The storm on 23–27 October 2002 is simulated and the temporal evolutions of the radial and pitch angle distributions of energetic electrons are examined. The calculated electron fluxes agree very well with particle data from the low-orbit SAMPEX and LANL geosynchronous satellites, when the wave-particle interactions are taken into account during storm recovery. Flux increases begin near the plasmapause and then diffuse outward to higher L shells, consistent with previous findings from statistical studies. A simplified version of the RBE model is now running in real time to provide nowcasting of the radiation belt environment. With further improvements and refinements, this model will have important value in both scientific and space weather applications
CWind signs agreement Dalby Offshore and expands offshore vessels fleet. (Credit: CWind.) CWind has signed a long-term agreement with a Dalby Offshore to add four new vessels to its fleet with an option to add two more vessels later in the year.The offshore support services provider was supported during the negotiations by vessel procurement advisor Colebrook Offshore.It said that the some of the new vessels have already been chartered after a quick turnaround by marine engineering company Alicat Workboats.The vessels have been renamed and registered to East of England hub of CWind in Grimsby, where they will support work on several offshore wind farms.Voyager will be upgraded to accommodate 24 passengersCWind said that the sizes of the vessels range from 20m to 26.5m in length, with one of them capable of carrying 24 people and two carrying 12 passengers each.It also said that the remaining 12-passenger vessel, CWind Voyager, will be upgraded to accommodate 24 passengers after completion of the current charter.CWind managing director Nat Allison said: “We’re delighted to have reached this long-term agreement with Dalby Offshore.“The expansion and development of our fleet is key to both our own success and the operational integrity of our clients’ assets, which is more important now than ever before to the UK’s power networks.“Despite the challenges we are currently facing in our daily lives and business operations, we are committed to supporting our clients in the growth of renewable energy solutions.”CWind Navigator is one of the highest spec 2610 vessels on the market after its conversion for the European offshore wind market and Traveller is a high-powered vessel with the same capabilities of many larger vessels due to increased engine power.Recently, CWind has awarded a £8.2m services contract from ScottishPower Renewables, a subsidiary of ScottishPower for the 714MW East Anglia ONE offshore wind farm. CWind said that the sizes of the vessels range from 20m to 26.5m in length, with one of them capable of carrying 24 people
Applicant DocumentsRequired DocumentsResumeCover Letter/Letter of ApplicationOfficial TranscriptsOptional DocumentsOther DocumentReference Letter 1Reference Letter 2 Posting Details Security Sensitive Position?Yes Working/Environmental Conditions * Do you have a Bachelor’s degree from an accredited college oruniversity in Finance, Accounting or another Business-relatedfield? Master’s degree in Finance, Accounting or anotherBusiness-related field is preferred.Bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university inFinance, Accounting or another Business-related field.Master’s degree in Finance, Accounting or anotherBusiness-related field.None of the above. Job Description Summary / TWC Summary Grant TitleN/A Knowledge of:• Higher education finances with knowledge of Texas stategovernment budget procedures preferred.• Federal, State, Local and County laws.• Accounting and budgeting principles/practices.• Proficient with the ability to use personal computer, advancedunderstanding of Microsoft Office Suite, Access, analytical toolsand ERP systems (e.g., Banner and other job-related databases andsoftware).• Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ( GAAP ); GovernmentalAccounting Standards Board ( GASB ) pronouncements and standards;Fund Accounting.• Strategic Planning and Budgeting.Skills:• Successful experience in budget forecasting and modeling.• Detail oriented.• Effective leadership and customer service.• Problem-solving and decision-making.• Multitasking and time management; meeting deadlines.• Strong management.• Strong analytical.• Coordinating work of others.• Strategic planning.• Budget management.• Strong presentation.• Planning activities.• Leading projects.• Strong verbal and written communication.• Using logic and reasoning.Ability to:• Prepare detailed reports.• Work independently and take initiative.• Communicate effectively.• Read, analyze and interpret complex budget and financialdata.• Work in a team-oriented environment, establishing good workingrelations with faculty, staff, student, business partners and otherconstituencies.• Commit to promoting cultural diversity, employment equity andstaff development.• Train others. Bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university inFinance, Accounting or another Business-related fieldrequired.Master’s degree in Finance, Accounting or another Business-relatedfield preferred. UA EEO Statement Hours of Work8:00 AM – 5:00 PM M-F Posting Supplemental QuestionsRequired fields are indicated with an asterisk (*). The Executive Director of Budget is responsible for directing allaspects of the development and implementation of the operatingannual budget that will be presented to the Board of Regents and tothe State. Participates in the development of the capital budget.Provides continuous support to university units on budgetoperations and provides continuous monitoring and reporting ofactual results against planned budget for effective and efficientfinancial resource utilization for the university to meet its goalsand objectives. Ensures the university’s policies and proceduresadheres to the State of Texas rules and regulations. Developsfinancial models and provides analytical support for resourcedevelopment and allocation decisions for new and existingprograms.This position will report to the Associate Vice President forTreasury and Budget. Hiring Range$97,093.00 – $121,367.00 Close Date Limited standing and/or walking.Handling light weight objects.Using or carrying equipment.Stoop, bend or lift. Essential Duties Summary Minimum 3-years budgeting experience required.Minimum seven years progressive relevant experience in HigherEducation or governmental setting required.Must have at least four years of supervisory/managementexperience. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities Official TSU TitleEXEC DIRECTOR BUDGET Special Instructions to ApplicantsOpen to all applicants. * Do you have one of the following: MBA, CPA, or CMA?YesNo Posting NumberTSU202392 MBA, CPA, or CMA preferred. Open Until Filled (overrides close field)Yes % FTE Education Position End Date (if temporary) Position Details * Do you have a minimum of seven years progressive relevantexperience in Higher Education or governmental setting?YesNo Required Licensing/Certification Work Experience * Do you have a minimum of 3-years budgeting experience?YesNo It is the policy of Texas Southern University to provide a workenvironment that is free from discrimination for all personsregardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin,individuals with disability, sexual orientation, or protectedveteran status in its programs, activities, admissions oremployment policies. This policy of equal opportunity is strictlyobserved in all University employment-related activities such asadvertising, recruiting, interviewing, testing, employmenttraining, compensation, promotion, termination, and employmentbenefits. This policy expressly prohibits harassment anddiscrimination in employment based on race, color, religion,gender, gender identity, genetic history, national origin,individuals with disability, age, citizenship status, or protectedveteran status. This policy shall be adhered to in accordance withthe provisions of all applicable federal, state and local laws,including, but not limited to, Title VII of the Civil RightsAct.Manual of Administrative Policies andProcedures 1.0 * Do you have at least four years of supervisory/managementexperience?YesNo Desired start date • Coordinates the preparation and submission of required budgetreports specified by external agencies including the Texas HigherEducation Coordinating Board, Legislative Budget Board and StateComptroller’s Office.• Directs the preparation, consolidation, analysis and distributionof the annual budget.• Participates in developing revenue projection: includes stateappropriations, development of tuition and fee projection and otherauxiliary operations revenues for annual budget preparation.• Development, adjustments and reconciliation of detailed annualexpenditure budget by units within the limit of the projectedrevenue.• Assists the University with developing tuition and fee changes,tuition discount rates and scholarship allocations.• Provides reports, analysis, assumptions, projections andpresentations of budgetary data as requested to support leadershipneeds including decision support, Board presentations, and stateand government requests, etc.• Oversees the day to day budget operations to ensure complianceand uniformity with University and state-wide budgeting andaccounting policies, procedures, regulations and statutes.• Works with data sets and analytics tools in support of theUniversity/Division strategic plan, multiyear financial plan, andkey performance metrics.• In coordination with the department’s senior leadership, develop,recommend, and implement improvements and enhancements to thebudgetary planning process.• Coordinates the preparation and submission (including throughABEST system) of required budget reports specified by externalagencies including the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board,Legislative Budget Board and the State Comptroller’s Office.• Effectively manages and evaluates the budget staff.• Provides presentations, budget training, support and budgetguides to university departments and office staff.• Continually and in detail track all budget adjustments/changes tothe Board approved budget throughout the year.• Maintains strong customer service relationships with all,including administrators, deans, department heads, and budgetmanagers.• Monitors budget performance and evaluates fluctuations due tounexpected changes in economic conditions, policy andadministrative adjustments or in patterns of consumer demand.• Prepares quarterly management reports including analysis ofvariances between actual and budget.• Continuous review of budget reporting system for accuracy andopportunity for improvements.• Remains current and require staff to remain current on relevantfiscal, budget, rules, regulations and laws.• Performs other job-related duties as assigned.
TVCA Connect & Support Newsletter June 2016Cincinnati Stand DownFriday, June 10, 9:00am-2:00pmWashington Park2016 Tri-State Women Veteran Appreciation BanquetThursday, June 16, 6:00pm-9:00pmDrees Pavilion, Covington, KYPlease direct veterans, military families and caregivers to the TVCA Veteran and Family Resource Portal for easy access to reliable local resources and benefits. If you see any changes or additions needed, please let us know.Interesting Facts on Housing and Food Insecurity* Fifty percent of pre-9/11 veterans and 57% ofpost-9/11 veterans had lined up housing whenthey left the military.* Nineteen percent of post-9/11 veterans reportedbeing homeless in the past three months,compared to 16% of pre-9/11 veterans.* Food insecurity was reported as a concern forboth pre- and post-9/11 veterans, with 7% ofpre-9/11 veterans and 12% of post-9/11 veterans reporting it was often a problem.Annual Program Honors Women VeteransOn June 16th, the Cincinnati VA Medical Center and the Cincinnati Education and Research for Veterans (CERV) Foundation will be holding their annual Women Veterans Appreciation Banquet and Tristate Women Veterans Lifetime Achievement Awards. The event will be held at Drees Pavilion in Covington. This event is free of charge to women veterans, however registration ends on June 8th. Please contact the VA’s Women Veteran Program Manager Shirley May today!Family Support Efforts in the ForegroundThe TVCA and our partners were busy in May with several efforts intended to build bridges with the community and support military families. The largest of these efforts was our first Military Moms Conference that took place on Saturday, May 21 at the American Red Cross. Approximately 40 family members gathered for a day of inspiration and education. Thanks to our event sponsors Kroger, PNC, the VA, the Red Cross, P&G, and the Cincinnati Reds among others. A special highlight was the talk given by Elaine Brye, author of “Be Safe, Love Mom: A Military Mom’s Stories of Courage, Comfort, and Surviving Life on the Home Front.” Breakout sessions hosted by the VA (PTSD and depression) and the Red Cross (communication) rounded out the event. Afterwards, families attended the Cincinnati Reds game against the Seattle Mariners.Over 20 veterans and family members particpated in the PWC’s Repair Affair on May 14th. The crew helped Mr. W., a disabled veteran, by painting his house, general landscaping and fixing a gate. If you are interested in future volunteer opportunities please contact Lisa Pruett.Finally on May 26th, we were at the Kenwood Theater to host a Memorial Day public screening of Project 22, a documentary highlighting two veterans’ trek across the country by bike to seek out hope and support for struggling veterans. Let us know if you are interested in sharing this with your veterans.Thanks to everyone who helped plan and participate in these important events!June is PTSD Awareness Month FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
British Baker is proud to support National Doughnut Week 2006 on May 6-13. All high street craft bakers can register – to do their bit for charity and reap the significant business benefits of getting involved. National Doughnut Week, sponsored by BakeMark UK, raises money for The Children’s Trust, a national charity that provides care, education and therapy for children with multiple disabilities and complex health needs. Get involved and boost your bottom line for a good cause.In the coming weeks, we’ll be showing you how the money raised can make a real difference. • Register now. Email Christopher Freeman at Dunns Bakery at [email protected] or tel: 020 8340 1614 or 07776 480032. You’ll get a bumper pack of eye-catching point-of-sale material and a guide to getting media involved.Celebrity chef and popular TV personality Ainsley Harriott is putting his support behind The Children’s Trust and its 2006 campaign, in the hope that even more cash will be raised. He says: “Everyone deserves a treat now and then and National Doughnut Week provides a fun opportunity to treat someone to a delicious, mouth-watering doughnut!”
Pinterest IndianaLocalNationalNews Pinterest WhatsApp Google+ WhatsApp By Jon Zimney – September 28, 2020 1 334 Previous articlePolice in Portage warning Xfinity customers of scamNext articleNew South Bend auto shop offers fresh start for drug, alcohol recoverees Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. (Source: https://goo.gl/zU4VHM License: https://goo.gl/OOAQfn) Judge Amy Coney Barrett may have a tough time in the confirmation process to become a U.S. Supreme Court associate justice. Her nomination is being opposed not only by Senate Democrats, but by organizations by Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky.“Hoosiers know first hand what happens when anti-abortion politicians work overtime to restrict our constitutional rights. We’ve lived under a Pence regime and fought in a court of appeals that includes Barrett. Currently, 70 percent of women in Indiana live in a county without an abortion provider,” said Indiana’s Planned Parenthood Director LaKimba DeSadier.“Indiana has passed more abortion restrictions than any other state in the nation aside from Louisiana, with Hoosier lawmakers passing 63 abortion restrictions into law between 1973 and 2019. The state where Barrett lives has rendered Roe meaningless already for thousands of people,” she said.She urged the Senate to reject the nomination.Rep. Andre Carson (D-Ind.), believes that many rights are being threatened by Barrett’s possible confirmation.“There is an average of at least 65 days that elapse between a vacancy opening up on the U.S. Supreme Court and an announcement of a nominee to fill that vacancy. It has only been 8 days since Justice Ginsburg died, and sadly, she has not even been laid to rest. And yet, we’re suffering today through this indecent rush to pack ideologues onto the highest court in the land,” he said.“There is so much at stake right now on the rights that matter to every American. The Supreme Court is already scheduled to hear arguments the week after the election on the Trump Administration’s reckless push to destroy the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Reproductive health and reproductive rights are also at stake. The president has promised that his nominee will overturn Roe v. Wade, and we must take him at his word. Our health care is on the line, and too many lives hang in the balance.”Carson said he is also concerned about voting rights, workers rights, disability rights, immigrant rights and LGBTQ equality.Senators Todd Young and Mike Braun, both Republicans, were nearly jubilant about the nomination. But, Young said he knows her confirmation will likely be difficult.“Judge Barrett’s previous confirmation to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals turned into a shameful attack on her faith, not an evaluation of her legal credentials. But anyone who fairly evaluates her superb qualifications and temperament will agree that Judge Amy Coney Barrett is the right person for the job,” he said.Both Young and Braun urge the Senate to act to confirm Barrett without delay.The following statements of support were issued after Coney Barrett’s nomination on Saturday:Senator Todd Young: “I am thrilled with @POTUS’s nomination of fellow Hoosier, Judge Amy Coney Barrett, to serve on the Supreme Court. I’ve come to know her as an incredibly sharp legal mind, a woman of great integrity, and a dedicated mother of seven.”Senator Mike Braun: “Amy Coney Barrett’s sterling record as a Constitutional originalist proves she’ll be a phenomenal Supreme Court Justice. I believe her reputation as an educator & model for decency will make Americans proud to have her on the court for years to come.”Governor Eric Holcomb: “Judge Barrett’s compelling combination of experience and intellect would serve our country well on the Supreme Court bench, adding another healthy dose of Hoosier hospitality to our nation’s capital.”Representative Jackie Walorski: “I can think of no one better qualified to serve on the Supreme Court than my fellow Hoosier, Judge Amy Coney Barrett. Her record as a Notre Dame law professor and as an appellate judge demonstrates her first-rate legal mind and her unwavering commitment to constitutional principles. Given her impeccable credentials, the Senate should confirm her nomination without delay.“I applaud President Trump for again fulfilling his promise to appoint judges who will faithfully uphold the rule of law, defend the Constitution, and protect the life and liberty of every American.”Representative Jim Banks: “Naming Amy Coney Barrett to replace Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg represents the culmination of President Trump’s four-year record of delivering on the promises he made to conservatives during the 2016 campaign. She will be a staunch defender of the Constitution and apply the law as it is written.“Barrett is well-qualified to serve on the Supreme Court, with sterling personal credentials and an impressive professional record. Even in these polarized times, the Senate confirmed her to the Seventh Court of Appeals in 2017 with bipartisan support. I look forward to the Senate confirming her once again and, when that happens, will be proud of Indiana being so well represented on our nation’s highest court.” Reaction, both for and against, regarding the Supreme Court nomination of Amy Coney Barrett Facebook Facebook Twitter Google+ Twitter
Press enquiries out of hours 020 7944 4292 Press enquiries MAIB’s report on the uncontrolled closure of a hatch cover on the general cargo vessel SMN Explorer with loss of 1 life earlier this year, is now published.The report contains details of what happened and the subsequent actions taken: read more. Press enquiries during office hours 01932 440015
Ancient Roman poetry and climate science may seem to have little in common, but a recent collaboration between a Harvard historian and European climate scientists highlights the potential for the two fields to illuminate each other and deepen the understanding of both nature’s and humankind’s past.Michael McCormick, the Francis Goelet Professor of Medieval History, has collaborated with climate scientists three times in recent years, searching for witnesses to climate extremes gleaned from tree-ring data during the late Roman Empire and after, investigating the effect of volcanoes on climate and civilization during the time of Charlemagne, and, in an article soon to be published, looking at climate data and historical accounts in the centuries after the Roman Empire fell.McCormick said he recently brought to class a precipitation chart developed in his work with a European team on the climate of the first millennium, published online by the journal Science in January. The class was studying a Roman poem from the year 371. The work mentions that a region of the Roman Empire was then very dry. McCormick showed students the chart, which has a deep, plunging spike denoting a drop in rainfall in the same region, around the same year.“If you would have told me 10 years ago that I could walk into an undergraduate seminar, read a poem by one of the Roman Empire’s leading poets which describes a drought that he saw as he rode along a ridge and that literary specialists had dated to 371 — but couldn’t be sure — and then pulled out the chart of rainfall in that part of the Roman empire in 371 — it’s just extraordinary,” McCormick said. “This is a new world of historical investigation.”McCormick said his work to bring climate science into historical research and provide historical context stems from his receiving a distinguished achievement award from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in 2002. The $1.5 million award allowed him to convene groups of scholars studying similar questions in different fields as a way to improve information sharing, relationships, and collaboration. The first such workshop was on climate science and led to a collaboration among McCormick, Paul Mayewski of the University of Maine’s Institute for Climate Change, and Paul Dutton, a professor at Simon Fraser University in Canada. The collaboration resulted in the Charlemagne article, published in 2007 in the historical journal Speculum.More recently, McCormick worked with a team of climate scientists from Swiss, Austrian, and German institutions on an analysis of three new collections of tree-ring data involving 7,000 Central European trees going back 2,500 years. The work illustrated that times of upheaval coincided with periods of precipitation extremes. McCormick’s role was to search for witness accounts from towns across Central Europe to see if they confirmed or conflicted with the tree-ring data.McCormick delved into Widener Library’s extensive collection of town records from first millennium Germany and France, searching for eyewitness accounts of 32 years that the tree data indicated had precipitation extremes. He found 88 accounts, from in or near the forest where the tree data were collected, confirming the data findings for 30 of the 32 years.“With Widener Library, I knew I could get every darn city chronicle from every little town in the Rhineland, in Bavaria,” McCormick said. “They’ve been collecting them nonstop since the first library burned” in 1764.The results showed that long periods of stability and prosperity for Roman and medieval civilizations were associated with lengthy wet and warm growing seasons. Climate variability and precipitation extremes occurred from 250 to 600, coinciding with times of turmoil, including the barbarian invasion and the demise of the Western Roman Empire.“There’s a clear change in the precipitation regime in the third century A.D. that happens to be a time of extreme crisis economically, militarily, politically in the Roman Empire. In an agrarian society, one can imagine precipitation fluctuation and change could have a negative impact,” McCormick said. “This new data changes the way we understand the written sources. Now we can go back and see them in a new light.”The collaboration, McCormick said, shows that the historical record can be used to confirm scientific findings and that climate science can be used to enrich historical study and illuminate possible causes of significant historical events. One climate scientist told McCormick that historians, because of their access to written records, just may have the best proxy data on human-climate voices.“But we also know the vagaries of human speech and that the act of consigning speech to writing can be a very complicated thing,” McCormick said. “That’s where the historian can come in and bring their expertise on human utterances of the past to bear and put it at the disposition of climate scientists.”
Read Full Story Nearly half (48 percent) of firearm retailers in New Hampshire displayed materials from a firearm suicide prevention campaign generated by a coalition of gun owners and public health professionals, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers. It is the first collaboration between firearm retailers and public health professionals around suicide prevention.The study appeared online October 28, 2014 in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.Following a spate of suicides in 2009 in New Hampshire involving recently-purchased firearms, the New Hampshire Firearm Safety Coalition initiated a study of the problem and discussed ways in which it could be addressed. Composed of firearms retailers, other firearms rights advocates, and suicide prevention experts, the coalition identified all commercial firearm retailers in the state and conducted structured interviews to discuss the role of firearm access in suicide prevention and obtain input on draft campaign materials.Packets of final campaign materials for both firearm retailers (providing tips to reduce the odds of selling a firearm to someone who may be suicidal) and their customers (encouraging customers to consider off-site storage if someone at home is suicidal) were mailed to all firearm retailers, and stores were visited unannounced six months later to assess their response to the packets.
There are several ways U.S. lawmakers could avert chaos if the Supreme Court were to invalidate Obamacare subsidies for millions of citizens, but it’s unlikely they would act on any of them, panelists at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health said Wednesday.“It would require a degree of political ability in this country not seen in recent years,” said Robert Blendon, the Richard L. Menschel Professor of Public Health, professor of health policy and political analysis, and senior associate dean and director of the Division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development.Blendon was among the participants in “America’s Healthcare Future: Implications of the Upcoming Supreme Court Decision about the ACA,” which also featured Katherine Baicker, the C. Boyden Gray Professor of Health Economics and acting chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management; John McDonough, professor of the practice of public health; and Douglas Holtz-Eakin, president of the American Action Forum and former director of the Congressional Budget Office. The event, co-sponsored by the Harvard Chan School and Reuters, was moderated by Sharon Begley, Reuters’ senior correspondent for U.S. health and science.The case before the court, King v. Burwell, doesn’t seek to invalidate the whole Affordable Care Act. Instead, it centers on a key provision that is intended to make health insurance affordable by partly offsetting the mandate that requires people to buy health insurance.The government subsidy, given as a tax credit, defrays the cost of insurance for low- and middle-income people who earn too much to qualify for insurance through Medicaid.The court case involves two different types of insurance exchanges, set up under the ACA. Less than half of the states have created their own exchanges. In the rest, the federal government has stepped in to set up the exchange.The plaintiffs in the case argue that four words in the law — “established by the state” — mean that only those getting insurance through state-established exchanges are eligible for the subsidies. Currently the subsidies are given to people who get insurance through state or federal exchanges.If the court agrees, that would mean that 6.4 million people living in the 34 states where federally established exchanges operate would not be eligible for subsidies to help defray insurance costs. A ruling is expected this month.Panelists said the potential ramifications extend far beyond individual pocketbooks. Many of those losing their subsidies would become exempt from the law’s mandate because insurance would be unaffordable, and some of that number would opt not to get health insurance, increasing the ranks of the uninsured.With millions weighing their options, it’s likely that more of those who are sick would decide to pay the extra cost for insurance, Baicker said. This would raise the proportion of sick people in the risk pool, which would force up premiums. That, in turn, could make insurance unaffordable for a whole new group of people, increasing the numbers who become uninsured and skewing insurance risk-pools even further.“The absence of subsidies very much affects risk pooling,” Baicker said.Though some states are poised to create their own exchanges if the Supreme Court rules for the plaintiffs, it’s unlikely that the solution lies at the state level, the panelists said. First of all, due to political opposition, probably only a few states would establish their own exchanges. Also, the law includes a deadline, already passed, for a state to create an exchange that qualifies for subsidies.“I don’t see a uniform state response at all,” McDonough said.In Washington, Republicans in control of the House and Senate are resolutely opposed to the current law, and the president holds veto power over any GOP proposal to significantly weaken it. Making matters worse, Blendon said, is the run-up to next year’s presidential primaries. The candidates will have to appeal to their bases, which tend to be more ideologically extreme — on both sides — than the general electorate.The most straightforward fix — altering the law’s language to ensure that all exchanges, whether federal or state, are eligible for subsidies — is unlikely to get much support in Congress, where, in the event of a ruling for the plaintiffs, Republicans would finally have leverage to attempt meaningful changes to the law, McDonough said.Probably the best response, Blendon said, would be for Congress and the president to get together and agree to extend the law’s provisions through the 2016 election, allowing the vote to be at least a partial referendum on the ACA and paving the way for the next president to work with lawmakers on a more permanent fix.A reality of the system is that the administration has wide discretion on the vigor of its enforcement, Holtz-Eakin said. In the event of an unfavorable court decision and a political impasse, the administration could ease up on its actions significantly, essentially giving people a break without officially blessing noncompliance until the government sorts it out.Regardless of the court’s decision and the ultimate resolution on exchanges and subsidies, the rest of the law will survive, the panelists pointed out. McDonough said the potentially affected parts of the law lie in just one of its 10 main sections. The expansion of federal Medicaid for the poorest citizens, coverage for pre-existing conditions, provisions allowing children to remain on their parents’ insurance until age 27, and reforms to streamline the health care industry would remain in effect.Still, McDonough said, the everyday impact of the ACA is real and substantial. An amicus curiae brief he signed supporting the law’s current interpretation says that 8 million people losing health insurance means 9,800 additional deaths annually.“There are very much human lives at stake here in this decision,” he said.