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first_imgMore details about the soft tissue found in a T. rex thigh bone (see 03/24/2005 story) were published in Science this week.1  Mary Schweitzer’s team claims to have found evidence of medullary bone [MB], a type of mineralized and vascularized bony tissue found only in certain birds during ovulation as a buffer against calcium loss.  The abstract and summary posted in a press release from North Carolina State says it’s a girl, and she’s pregnant:Unambiguous indicators of gender in dinosaurs are usually lost during fossilization along with other aspects of soft tissue anatomy.  We report the presence of endosteally derived bone tissues lining the interior marrow cavities of portions of Tyrannosaurus rex (MOR 1125) hindlimb elements, and hypothesize that these tissues are homologous to specialized avian tissues known as medullary bone.  Because medullary bone is unique to female birds, its discovery in extinct dinosaurs solidifies the link between dinosaurs and birds, suggests similar reproductive strategies, and provides an objective means of gender differentiation in dinosaurs.   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Understated in the report is how these soft tissues could have survived for so long.  The paper in Science says only:The existence of avian-type MB in dinosaurs has been hypothesized but not identified.  In part, this could be because of taphonomic bias [i.e., fossil-hunters not expecting to find it], because the death and fossilization of an ovulating dinosaur would be comparatively rare.  Additionally, MB in extant birds is fragile, the spicules separating easily from the originating layer (fig. S1).  Dinosaur MB may separate and be lost from overlying CB in a similar manner during diagenesis [i.e., the hardening of sediment into rock].National Geographic admitted briefly that “all obvious gender indicators vanish when soft tissues decay during fossilization” but emphasized the gender-identification and phylogenetic angles of the story.  The BBC News article showed a picture of the bones, but said nothing about their assumed ages.  The NC press release did not explain the 70-million year figure, but merely asserted it.  Betsy M. Bennett, Directory of the NC Museum of Natural Sciences, stated emphatically, “We’re pleased to be able to provide a way for the public to see for themselves evidence that after millions of years, soft tissue can actually be preserved in dinosaur bone.”    Another paper published in Science Express announced the sequencing of the genome from a cave bear, thought to have been extinct for 40,000 years.  In the BBC News write-up, a scientist predicted, “I don’t think we can extract DNA from dinosaurs, I think they are too old.”  It will be interesting to see if Mary Schweitzer’s team finds any in the T. rex bone, where blood vessels, and possibly blood cells, were seen.1Schweitzer et al., “Gender-Specific Reproductive Tissue in Ratites and Tyrannosaurus rex, Science, Vol 308, Issue 5727, 1456-1460, 3 June 2005, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1112158].This is incredible.  How can these scientists ignore the obvious?  There’s no way this bone could be so old, but all they can think about are connecting homology dots between dinosaurs and birds by circumstantial evidence.  Did they see the dinosaur laying eggs?  No.  Did they prove this is medullary bone?  Perhaps.  Does it prove an ancestral relationship if the dinosaur did have medullary bone?  No.  Does that matter?  Not much.  What really matters about this story is the age of the specimen.  If this specimen is only a few thousand years old, none of this dino-bird homology matters: this blows apart the entire tale of dinosaur evolution.  Belief in millions of years and the rest of the evolutionary timeline takes a staggering blow.    Look at them strain at a gnat about medullary bone, but swallow a camel about the age.  Instead of expressing shock and anguish, instead of repenting in dust and ashes for spreading lies about dinosaur ages for the past century and a half, they grin and say, “We’ll ah’ll be.  Ain’t it amazin’ how these soft tissues survived for sempty millon yeers.”  It makes one think their brainwashing is so complete they would say the same thing if face to face with a living dinosaur.  Absurd?  Not at all: they already do it with living fossils much “older” in their time scheme.    Folks, consider the facts in this story.  Soft tissues from a bone of T. rex, everyone’s favorite monster, were found in Montana.  The specimen preserves fine microscopic detail and even pigment.  The material is still flexible and not fossilized.  We know that medullary bone in living birds is “fragile, the spicules separating easily from the originating layer.”  The initial reaction by the scientists was disbelief, because no known process could preserve soft tissues like this for so long.  (And what a thought to consider that this monster might have been alive just a few thousand years ago!)Though this is a spectacular example, we should not think that it is an isolated case.  Many insects from around the world have been found preserved in amber (fossil tree resin), with even hairs and veins in the wings preserved in exquisite detail.  Some still contain bacteria in the guts and DNA fragments have been extracted.  Often the specimens are indistinguishable from living species, yet claimed to be millions of years old.  Yet we know that tree resin weathers rapidly and is usually not produced in quantities that can extend for meters and entomb frogs and large insects, which would normally float and decay before being preserved.  On what grounds can evolutionists claim such fossils are ancient?  (For more information on fossil amber, get the presentation “Amber – New Insights” by Dr. Harald Binder, available at Access Research Network.)The only way anyone can claim these dinosaur bones are tens of millions of years old is by prior commitment to a belief system that demands forcing all evidence into a long, drawn-out process of evolution.  The young-earth creationists have a great opportunity here.  They and anyone still unbrainwashed about geologic time, and all who respect hard evidence, should hammer away relentlessly at the credulity of the Darwinists, demanding that they explain how a specimen like this could survive even one hundredth of that much time.*  If you see this bone on exhibit at the North Carolina Museum of Natural History, be nice, but come prepared with good questions and reputable background information.  Don’t take bluffing and evasion for an answer.  Undoubtedly, after enough exasperation, they will probably provide the docents a manual on how to deal with those pesky visitors who won’t buy the script, but keep demanding, “Just the facts, ma’am.”**(Visited 17 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

first_img18 September 2007Environment Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk has announced a R500-million project, funded by the National Energy Efficiency Agency (NEEA), to make South Africa’s national parks more energy efficient over the next three years.Speaking at the launch of National Parks Week at the Kruger National Park’s Skukuza rest camp on Monday, Van Schalkwyk said the investment would ensure that all South African National Parks (SANParks) facilities were “exemplary energy efficient showcases for local and international visitors”.He said the energy efficiency project would complement the R574.9-million allocated to SANParks by the National Treasury for infrastructure upgrades at all its camps over the next three years.“The NEEA will provide ‘top-up’ funding for each upgrade to buildings and other facilities within SANParks, to finance the specific technology improvements that will ensure a sustainable and energy-efficient compliant installation,” Van Schalkwyk said.As an example, he said that if SANParks’ current plan and budget made provision for conventional electric geysers in accommodation units, the NEEA would fund the additional amount required to install energy efficient solar water heaters instead.Likewise, where conventional lighting systems have been specified, the NEEA will fund the difference between the current inefficient technologies and compact fluorescent lamps.NEEA operations manager Barry Bredenkamp said the upgrades would deliver twin benefits of actual energy savings for the camps, while showing the rest of the world that South Africa was pursuing the path of energy efficiency.“The NEEA is delighted to be assisting SANParks improve the energy economy of it’s lodges both through financial support and the agency’s expertise, which will demonstrate to millions of energy conscious visitors that SA is committed to combating climate change,” he said.Furthermore, black economic empowerment (BEE) companies in the energy industry will be used to carry out energy audits and implement energy efficient components, as part of the NEEA’s capacity building drive.Additional jobs will also be created through the training of local energy advisors in areas close to the relevant parks. Preliminary upgrades and comprehensive energy auditing will begin before the end of 2007, and implementation will carry on until the beginning of 2010.“The value of promoting these facilities as energy efficient and sustainable, will also go a long way in marketing the country as an environmentally-conscious country and will furthermore contribute to off-setting the carbon footprint that will possibly arise as a result of activities leading up to 2010,” Van Schalkwyk said.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

first_imgIn Beaverton, Oregon, cache owner jewilk1 and his son OmNom! create fun hides by using a 3D printer, puzzle logic, and googly eyes. You may recognize the name from this week’s Geocache of the Week. They are examples of creative freedom in the geocaching world because they make both a simple cache and a puzzling cache memorable. After 7 years of caching, 60 hides, and 6,700 finds, jewilk1 continues to add a unique touch or a new level of deception into their cache creations. Some of their puzzle caches have knobs, codes, and keywords to search for on the back of books that help make their hides so interesting. Often jewilk1 caches with his son OmNom! and his wife. Aside from the technical side of cache hiding, they enjoy the social aspect of the game and how it brings their family together. In their own words:   The hobby has led us to places we would never have experienced, such as The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the American Revolution or the view of Tillamook Rock Lighthouse. Likewise, it is hard not to smile after a fellow geocacher relates a positive story about finding a geocache which you designed and introduced to the game. These smiles have inspired us to continue to create unique cache designs and become a better designers.We wanted to know more about their creative process, what got them interested in geocaching, and what makes for a quality hide so we interviewed jewilk1 to get the inside scoop.Geocaching HQ: What’s your background outside of geocaching?Jewilk1: I’ve spent most of my time outside of geocaching trying to get my son to do his homework. I started work in Beaverton, Oregon, as a ceramics engineer but later transitioned into winemaking.Geocaching HQ: How and when did you hear about geocaching?Jewilk1: I first learned about geocaching from a coworker. He had gone hiking with a friend from Germany who was active in the hobby. He showed me a small glass trinket that he found in one of the caches near Bend, Oregon. I thought the idea of a global treasure hunt was interesting, so I did a little research online and discovered the website. From that point, I grabbed my son and starting searching for some of the local geocaches in the Beaverton area.Geocaching HQ: Which cache got you hooked?Jewilk1: One local cache, GC2T7YA, 108.5, really impressed us with its camouflage. This cache was one of the first caches that really mimicked its surrounding. Plus, it has plenty of room for swag and travel bugs. Being big travel bug fans, this cache is where we left our own first traveler.Geocaching HQ: What is the story behind your username?Jewilk1: Ha! I can proudly say my username has no story. I signed up prior to understanding that there was an entire caching community and that the username would become some sort of identity.  The name is simply based on my wife’s and my initials. Although I don’t have people calling me some cool moniker like “GloryDog.” I do get enjoyment observing other geocachers try to pronounce the unpronounceable jewilk1. My son’s username originates from a popular gaming app.Geocaching HQ: What is your favorite cache(s) you’ve found?Jewilk1: Humpty Stumpty (GC7PWZN) is a great example of perfect camouflage and the use of red herrings. Bee Mine (GC4KW3F) is a nice example of starting with an idea and maintaining the concept from cache page to container.Geocaching HQ: For you, what makes a quality cache?Jewilk1: To me, a quality cache should have at least one of the following components: a special or unique location, a very creative hide, or a fun story. The best caches weave all three components together.Geocaching HQ: What’s the best approach to creating a geocache?Jewilk1: Create geocaches like you would write a story. Use the cache description to introduce geocachers to the story. Identify a location or puzzle that can be used to build a plot. Finally, provide an interesting geocache as a resolution to the story.  Geocaching HQ: If someone reading this was looking for inspiration, what words of advice would you give them?Jewilk1: Look for inspiration outside of geocaching. Everyone has a unique knowledge base and personal story. Find a subject you are familiar with and insert that knowledge into geocaching. Whether it involves a puzzle or some type of container, an individual’s unique knowledge base will bring something new and unexpected to the game.Geocaching HQ: You have a number of complicated and intricate caches. Do you find it difficult to provide maintenance on them?Jewilk1: Since most of our caches are designed and built using a 3D printer, we are able to recreate caches relatively quickly. However, we usually spend some time trying to learn why a cache may have not operated correctly or gone missing. Our goal is to replace a cache with an improved version of the original hide.Geocaching HQ: Have you ever had an idea that you thought was impossible?Jewilk1: No. We only have ideas that we don’t know how to implement… yet. Geocaching HQ: Do you have a favorite hide of your own active caches?Jewilk1: We like the idea of caches having a tactile component. So many of our hides involve operating a gadget in order to retrieve a log. One of our favorites is @#!? This: The Field (GC6HV7X). The cache is part of a series of puzzle boxes and gadget caches we have created for my son’s account.  The cache contains only a lock, small log, and a screen. Figure out how to work the screen and the combination to the lock will appear.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedHunter’s Deceit — Geocache of the WeekJanuary 30, 2019In “Geocache of the Week”How to have a ball when creating a geocache: Interview with cache owner Bouncebounce!April 23, 2019In “News”Arcade claw machines, mirrored illusions, and mazes: Interview with cache owner mrradachNovember 23, 2018In “Interview”last_img read more

first_imgLOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera Danielle Kang wins KPMG Women’s PGA Championship Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend “We have a clause for a rematch. No problem,” Pacquiao said in the ring after the judges’ decision.But Australian boxing great and three-time world champion Jeff Fenech also called for Pacquiao, who retired briefly last year, to hang up his gloves for good this time.“If they let Manny fight again, that’s stupid,” Fenech said.“He should go relax and enjoy the money he has made. He’s got nothing to prove. Retire.“Jeff fought the right fight and took Manny to places he’d not been before … he made it a bit dirty.”ADVERTISEMENT Hall of Fame trainer Freddie Roach said he would consider advising Pacquiao to retire after a glittering 22-year professional career in which he won world titles at an unprecedented eight weight divisions.“I’m going to talk to Manny about maybe calling it a day, maybe this is it,” Roach said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsGiven no chance by most observers, the 29-year-old Horn’s ultra-aggressive style rocked Pacquiao, with the three judges scoring the fight 117-111, 115-113 and 115-113 for the Australian before 51,000 fans at Suncorp Stadium.Pacquiao, (59-7-2) who insisted on a Brisbane rematch as a clause in his contract for the fight, declared however that he would “absolutely” return for a rematch. Horn’s father, Jeff Snr, revealed after the fight that he had been ready to throw in the towel after the brutal ninth round.His son had been battered by Pacquiao and blood was streaming from a nasty cut over Horn’s right eye.As American referee Mark Nelson made his way to Horn’s corner to ask them whether they wanted to stop the fight, Jeff Snr feared the worst.“He was dead in the water in round nine, he was gone,” Jeff Snr said.“I was very worried. If I had a towel I may have thrown it myself in the ninth. I looked at his eyes and I thought he was out on his feet. I really thought he was in danger of getting hurt in round nine.“I didn’t expect him to come back like he did in round 10.”/rgaRELATED VIDEORoach on Pacquiao: Being both fighter and senator ‘might be a little too much’4.5K viewsSportsVentuno Web Player 4.51 Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kongcenter_img Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:05Amir Khan claims Manny Pacquiao has agreed to Saudi Arabia bout02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games A sense of Pacquiao’s declining powers is that the Philippines senator hasn’t stopped an opponent in eight years.Roach however called for an investigation into the scoring of American judge Waleska Roldan.She had the bout 117-111 to Horn, giving Pacquiao only three of the 12 rounds, despite Horn finishing the fight badly bruised and with a shut right eye.Horn ‘out on his feet’According to CompuBox statistics, Pacquiao landed almost twice as many punches as Horn — 182 to 92. Judges American Chris Flores and Argentine Ramon Cerdan both thought it was closer, but Horn had edged the fight 115-113.“I respect the judges’ decision,” Pacquiao said.  “He was much tougher than I expected. Much, much tougher.”Pacquiao told Philippines television: “We thought that we won this fight.”However, Top Rank veteran supremo Bob Arum, who was ringside, felt the win was fair. “It could have gone either way,” he said.“A couple of close rounds, but you can’t argue with the result. I scored a lot of the early rounds for Jeff. Then I had Manny coming back in the middle.“The 12th round, Jeff really won. If you give Manny the 11th, you have it a draw. You give Jeff the 11th, it’s 7-5.” What ‘missteps’? LATEST STORIES MOST READ Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Boxer Manny Pacquiao (L) and coach Freddie Roach. TRISTAN TAMAYO/INQUIRER.netManny Pacquiao’s trainer advised the Filipino legend to quit boxing Monday after his sensational defeat to unheralded Australian Jeff Horn.While controversy raged over the scoring of Sunday’s World Boxing Organization welterweight title bout in Brisbane, after all three judges awarded it to unbeaten Horn, there were doubts whether 38-year-old Pacquiao would return for a possible rematch.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

first_imgView comments Rodriguez, Superal join LPGT hunt Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim “Since we made the trades, we became the No. 1 defensive team,” Garcia said after the Painters rose to 4-2 while dealing a first loss in five starts on the Hotshots.“The [defensive] effort is there. When we play good defense, the offense comes.”In the nightcap, NLEX earned at least a tie for a quarterfinal slot with a 103-100 triumph over San Miguel Beer.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe Painters battle the Grand Slam-seeking Beermen next, and even with J’Nathan Bullock not dominating any department, Garcia believes he has the perfect import that will take the team deep into the tournament.Gabe Norwood and Raymond Almazan returned to duty after serving the country in the Fiba Asia Cup in Lebanon and finished with a combined 28 points, 25 rebounds and seven assists.Despite being under the weather, Almazan forced himself to play and won Player of the Game honors with 13 points and 14 rebounds in less than 19 minutes. He was wheeled out of the dugout on a stretcher and taken to a hospital after the match. Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion James Yap. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netAfter trades seen by many to have weakened the team, and with an import that is not putting up monster numbers compared to the others, Rain or Shine roared to a third straight win on Sunday night in the PBA Governors’ Cup at Smart Araneta Coliseum.The Elasto Painters held Star to its fewest output in the conference and pulled off a 92-88 victory as they continued to climb up the standings, ironically, after trading away a veteran superstar and a blue-chip rookie.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelolast_img read more