Bella began dating John Cena in 2012 and the duo became engaged five years later. Us Weekly broke the news in April 2018 that the pair had called it quits on their relationship. Cena, 43, later tied the knot with Shay Shariatzadeh in October.The former professional wrestler competed on Dancing With the Stars with Chigvintsev in 2017 while she was still in a relationship with Cena. However, she and the Dancing With the Stars pro didn’t become romantically involved until years later. Bella explained that watching Chigvintsev on season 29 of the ABC reality competition show made her reflect on their relationship.“I get asked this all the time, ‘You had to have felt something for Artem, right?’ Because of how close my breakup was,” she said. “And, I feel like I’m gonna hear it the rest of my life. I had to open up to Artem recently cause this is the first time Artem’s been back on Dancing With the Stars since we’ve been in a serious relationship. And I said, ‘I can’t help it, it brings me these feelings of what everyone thinks of, like, ‘You guys had to like each other, you had to be all these things’ and it was bringing up these emotions for me.”- Advertisement – Hindsight is 20/20! Nikki Bella revealed she’s been dreaming about her exes lately, but it’s only strengthened her feelings for her fiancé, Artem Chigvintsev.The Total Bellas star, 36, shared how her dreams helped her find “clarity” in her relationship with Chigvintsev, 38, on the Wednesday, November 4, episode of “The Bellas Podcast.”- Advertisement – She added, “It was making me feel like people just have this certain perception of me or of Artem and because of the timing of everything. And these dreams gave me clarity of that, and kind of took that feeling away.”Bella and the Russian dancer went Instagram official in January 2019. One year later, the couple announced their engagement via Instagram before they revealed they were expecting their first child together. Bella and Chigvintsev welcomed their baby boy, Matteo, in July.Listen to Us Weekly’s Hot Hollywood as each week the editors of Us break down the hottest entertainment news stories! “Well, what I found weird about my dreams is the season right now in this [mercury] retrograde, it’s supposed to be where we get a deeper understanding of ourselves and our journeys and our true purpose and even getting clarity on the past,” she said. “And my dreams have been that.”Nikki Bella and Artem Chigvintsev MEGABella explained that she had “full on conversations” with her exes in her “vivid” dreams as if they “met up for coffee.” However, she noted that the dreams gave her insight on how her journey led her to Chigvintsev.“But what I just found weird is that I was having these dreams and that it was exactly what they said is going on right now,” she explained. “One thing it said is why things happen the way it did, and that’s why my clarity really hit me.”- Advertisement – – Advertisement –
There were few language changes in the post-meeting statement from the Federal Open Market Committee, though the panel did note that the economy continues to struggle.“Economic activity and employment have continued to recover but remain well below their levels at the beginning of the year,” the statement said.The language is a slight downgrade from the September statement that noted economic activity had “picked up in recent months.”- Advertisement – The committee also adjusted its view on financial conditions, saying Thursday they “remain accommodative,” as opposed to September’s assessment that conditions “have improved.”In the third quarter, U.S. gross domestic product posted its fastest increase ever, rising at a 33.1% annualized pace after contracting 31.4% in the previous period. The economy has recovered 11.4 million of the 22 million jobs lost in March and April, but payroll growth has slowed in recent months and is expected to decelerate to 530,000 in October.However, Congress and the White House remained locked in negotiations to provide more fiscal help. The election results, if they hold as many market participants expect, likely mean spending on the low side of what has been bandied about through various proposals.The Fed’s decision was unanimous at this meeting, though that wasn’t the case in September, when two members objected to a new approach to inflation that would see the FOMC hold off on rate hikes until inflation was comfortably above the 2% target.The statement made no changes to the new approach to “flexible average inflation targeting,” an effort by the Fed to reach a mandate it has fallen short of for most of the past dozen years. A key element of the new approach is a pledge not to hike rates even if unemployment falls sharply, which in the past had been taken as a key sign that inflation would be rising.Previous Feds has used preemptive hikes to stave off price pressures, but that won’t happen under the new regime. The Federal Reserve held short-term borrowing rates near zero in a decision Thursday that characterized the economy as growing but not near where it was before the coronavirus pandemic hit.As markets widely expected, the Fed kept its benchmark interest rate anchored in a range between 0%-0.25%, where it has been since an emergency cut seven months ago in the early days of the coronavirus pandemic.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – Markets reacted little to the news, with stocks continuing their rally while the dollar was lower.The Fed’s decision to hold steady comes amid concerns over the direction of the economy as Covid-19 cases accelerate and public officials contemplate restrictions on activities that could hamper growth. As it has done multiple times before, the Fed emphasized that the growth trajectory is largely dependent on the path of the coronavirus.The Fed has sought to use accommodative policy to stimulate growth, though officials have warned in recent months that more needs to be done on the fiscal side.- Advertisement –
Wright Thompson sets out to answer that question in “Pappyland: A Story of Family, Fine Bourbon, and the Things That Last.” The book is a soulful journey that blends together biography, autobiography, philosophy, Kentucky history, the story of bourbon’s origins and an insider’s look at how the Van Winkle whiskey is made and marketed. The human ley-line running through all of this is Julian P. Van Winkle III, the grandson of Julian “Pappy” Van Winkle Sr., who opened the Stitzel-Weller Distillery just outside Louisville on Derby Day in 1935 and produced various brands until he died in 1965.“There was no way to separate the bourbon’s mythology from his personal history,” Thompson writes of Julian III. To get the story, the author spent part of three years following Van Winkle as he continued the family business he took over in 1981. Now made in partnership with the Buffalo Trace Distillery in Frankfort, his Pappy Van Winkle’s Family Reserve is a grandson’s liquid tribute to his ancestors. Thompson, an ESPN senior writer by way of Mississippi, comes off as the Boswell of bourbon country here — a keen literary observer and respectful fanboy with an obvious affection for his subject, even nicknaming him “Booze Yoda.” – Advertisement – “Pappyland” moves smoothly through the family lore with the subtle nuances of a well-aged bourbon; it has top notes of stoicism and melancholy and a lingering finish of pride, even when recounting the hard times. Everyone drinks a lot of really excellent whiskey and Thompson admits: “To be honest, it gets repetitive after a while, I know. I know.” But he soldiers on in order to thoroughly report what goes into each coveted bottle bearing the Van Winkle name. – Advertisement – – Advertisement – Although flecked with humor and lighthearted moments, “Pappyland” takes a critical approach to the corn-squeezing culture, busting up myth as needed to reveal lesser-known tidbits, like the fact that popular brands such as Elijah Craig and Evan Williams were actually created by Jewish distillers adept in marketing. Although it sometimes feels as if Thompson goes around the block (with a stop for pie and coffee) with some anecdotes, his ability to zoom in and out from the global to the personal level puts things in perspective, particularly with complex topics like the dynamics of the father-son relationship.Even beyond the playlist on a honky-tonk jukebox, the image of American whiskey is often linked with wistful memories and a high-lonesome longing for the past. As the novelist Walker Percy wrote in a 1975 essay for Esquire, “Bourbon does for me what the piece of cake did for Proust.” Thompson echoes this sentiment in his own way: “Vodka is for the skinny and Scotch is for the strivers and bourbon is for the homesick.”It’s no longer home to the family business, but Pappy Van Winkle’s original 1935 Stitzel-Weller Distillery is still there, now owned by a multinational beverage company and used as a tourist stop for the Bulleit Frontier Whiskey brand. A plaque bearing Pappy’s mantra remains on the grounds: “We make fine bourbon, at a profit if we can, at a loss if we must, but always fine bourbon.” As “Pappyland” makes clear, the profit and loss are part of life, and yes, the bourbon is always fine. PAPPYLANDA Story of Family, Fine Bourbon, and the Things That LastBy Wright ThompsonFor the dedicated whiskey connoisseur, getting a taste of Pappy Van Winkle’s Family Reserve bourbon is a Tolkien-worthy quest. With a small production run and a lengthy 15- to 23-year aging process that creates a limited-supply/high-demand situation, the spirit is decidedly elusive at its starting retail price of about $120. Bars that stock it can charge $75 a shot or more, and collectors’ sites list the whiskey for $5,000 a bottle. So, what is it about Pappy Van Winkle?- Advertisement –
Every person has a different repertoire of the trillions of T cell receptors, known as TCRs. But at least some of those TCRs are identical to those in other people. “We call those public T cell receptor sequences, because, theoretically, many people across the population will elicit those responses,” Dr. Baldo said.When the pandemic started, Adaptive Technologies had already been working with Microsoft to design a TCR-based diagnostic test for Lyme disease, a project made possible by the advent of fast and inexpensive sequencing technologies.Pivoting to the coronavirus, the team identified 135,000 public TCRs that recognize 545 fragments of the virus. About 11 of these 545 antigens elicit the largest immune response, the researchers reported in September. (Only one of these antigens, the spike protein, is being used to develop vaccines.)In the new work, the team analyzed samples from 2,200 people in Vo, Italy, which tested all 2,900 of its residents for presence of the coronavirus in March, when cases were soaring there. Their test, called the T-Detect, correctly identified 97 percent of those who had a confirmed diagnosis, compared with 77 percent from a commercial antibody test called DiaSorin. The results are freely available in a database called ImmuneCode.The company is creating a point-of-care test for the general public that can diagnose prior infection, as well as a sophisticated version for vaccine companies interested in tracking T cell responses to their candidates. Each of the trillions of T cells present at birth carries a unique receptor on its surface that can spot a different molecule, or antigen, from potential invaders. This enormous diversity among T-cell receptors enables the human body to recognize virtually any new pathogen that it may encounter (although a vast majority may never meet their match.) But it also makes it painfully onerous for scientists to identify the 20 or 30 T cells among the trillions that can recognize fragments of a specific pathogen like the coronavirus.“One of the brutal things about immunology is that all white blood cells look the same,” said Shane Crotty, a virologist at the La Jolla Institute for Immunology. “You can’t even tell B cells from T cells, let alone T cells specific to a virus.” To find the T cells specific to a virus, researchers must first separate the bulk of immune cells from a few milliliters of blood, which takes time. Then they wash and count the cells, and stimulate them with pieces of the virus to identify the tiny pool of T cells that respond. The cells that are activated release a molecule called gamma interferon that serves as a signal of their activity.“The better the assay, the more complicated it is,” Dr. Crotty said. “You get more and more information, but it becomes more and more complicated.”A single researcher can process no more than five blood samples over the course of a day and a half.“That’s pretty much why every single paper that is done on T cells, the number of subjects that are studied is never higher than 100,” said Dr. Antonio Bertoletti, a virologist at Duke NUS Medical School in Singapore. “There has also never been great demand for wading into the intricacies of T cell tests.” The Coronavirus Outbreak ›Words to Know About TestingConfused by the terms about coronavirus testing? Let us help: – Advertisement – Experts not involved in the work praised the company’s innovative approach but said that they wanted to see evidence that the test was specific to the coronavirus.“There isn’t a consensus out there now that you can take TCRs from one person that are specific for a given person and tell that another person is infected with the virus in a consistent way,” Dr. Crotty said. “If they’ve figured out a way to do that that’s awesome, but it’s pretty novel.”A commercial test also would not offer people information beyond evidence of past infection, cautioned Akiko Iwasaki, an immunologist at Yale University. But if the test is specific to the new coronavirus, she said, “it will give us a much more sensitive way of measuring whether a person has been exposed.”The test may also offer insights into Covid-19. And about 5 percent of patients who are severely ill show a “tremendous drop” in their T cell response, Dr. Baldo said. But in a vast majority of people, the T cell response seems to peak around Day 10 and persists for many months, he said, adding: “We’re seeing an earlier, a more robust and even a more durable T cell response as opposed to the antibody response.” “What we’re developing is essentially a way to look at that cellular part of immunity,” said Dr. Lance Baldo, chief medical officer of Adaptive Biotechnologies.Antibodies have so far hogged much of the attention — mostly because testing for them is quick and easy. But levels of antibodies tend to wane after the active illness is resolved and may be undetectable within a few months.Several studies have suggested that T cells that remember the virus persist for at least six months. “There’s a growing realization that T cells are important and may even be a better indicator of clinical outcome” than antibodies, said Alessandro Sette, an immunologist at the La Jolla Institute for Immunology in California.- Advertisement – But isolating T cells is an elaborate and onerous process, which has severely limited information about their role. A new type of test can detect a person’s immune response to the coronavirus better than a widely used antibody test, according to research released on Tuesday.The test, if authorized by the Food and Drug Administration, would be the first commercial product to detect the response of a T cell — a type of immune cell — to the virus. Antibodies have dominated the conversation on immunity since the start of the pandemic, but scientists believe that T cells may be just as important in preventing reinfection.- Advertisement – Adaptive Biotechnologies has a completely different approach: Instead of looking at the cells, the company focused on sequencing the proteins on the cells’ surface. Exposure to a pathogen rouses multiple arms of the immune system: antibodies, but also immune cells that can marshal the fight against the intruder.- Advertisement – The test was developed by Adaptive Biotechnologies, a company based in Seattle. The company used small blood samples from 1,000 people across 25 metropolitan areas in the United States as well as another 3,500 participants from Europe to create the test, which can detect a recent or past infection of the coronavirus.The company’s data has not yet been reviewed for publication in a scientific journal, but experts say the work is promising for assessing T cells’ role in the illness caused by the coronavirus. Antibody: A protein produced by the immune system that can recognize and attach precisely to specific kinds of viruses, bacteria, or other invaders.Antibody test/serology test: A test that detects antibodies specific to the coronavirus. Antibodies begin to appear in the blood about a week after the coronavirus has infected the body. Because antibodies take so long to develop, an antibody test can’t reliably diagnose an ongoing infection. But it can identify people who have been exposed to the coronavirus in the past.Antigen test: This test detects bits of coronavirus proteins called antigens. Antigen tests are fast, taking as little as five minutes, but are less accurate than tests that detect genetic material from the virus.Coronavirus: Any virus that belongs to the Orthocoronavirinae family of viruses. The coronavirus that causes Covid-19 is known as SARS-CoV-2. Covid-19: The disease caused by the new coronavirus. The name is short for coronavirus disease 2019.Isolation and quarantine: Isolation is the separation of people who know they are sick with a contagious disease from those who are not sick. Quarantine refers to restricting the movement of people who have been exposed to a virus.Nasopharyngeal swab: A long, flexible stick, tipped with a soft swab, that is inserted deep into the nose to get samples from the space where the nasal cavity meets the throat. Samples for coronavirus tests can also be collected with swabs that do not go as deep into the nose — sometimes called nasal swabs — or oral or throat swabs.Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): Scientists use PCR to make millions of copies of genetic material in a sample. Tests that use PCR enable researchers to detect the coronavirus even when it is scarce.Viral load: The amount of virus in a person’s body. In people infected by the coronavirus, the viral load may peak before they start to show symptoms, if symptoms appear at all.
– Advertisement – The ban will take effect starting 9:30 a.m. on Jan. 11, 2021, and targets 31 companies identified by the Department of Defense as “Communist Chinese military compan[ies].”The list of firms includes large state-run aerospace and construction companies, as well as technology and communications companies such as Inspur Group, Huawei and China Telecommunications Corp.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – U.S. President Donald Trump attends a bilateral meeting with China’s President Xi Jinping during the G-20 leaders summit in Osaka, Japan, June 29, 2019.Kevin Lamarque | Reuters That investment “continues to allow the PRC to directly threaten the United States homeland and United States forces overseas, including by developing and deploying weapons of mass destruction, advanced conventional weapons, and malicious cyber-enabled actions against the United States and its people.” The U.S. contends that these companies enable China’s military evolution through access to advanced technologies and expertise, and as a result, have in part led to Beijing’s aggressive global expansion.An official for President-elect Joe Biden’s transition team did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the newly signed order. A spokesman for BlackRock, the globe’s largest asset manager, said the firm is still reviewing the details of the order.The order comes after months of warnings from Trump’s national security and economic teams that more drastic measures could be taken to curb Americans’ exposure to companies that either support China’s military ambitions or fail to meet U.S. disclosure and audit standards.National Economic Council Director Larry Kudlow and national security advisor Robert O’Brien have led the administration’s calls for a crackdown on U.S. investment in Chinese companies.“The President’s action serves to protect American investors from unintentionally providing capital that goes to enhancing the capabilities of the People’s Liberation Army and People’s Republic of China intelligence services,” O’Brien said in a statement on Thursday.Beijing’s intelligence services “routinely target American citizens and businesses through cyber operations, and directly threaten the critical infrastructure, economy, and military of America and its allies and partners around the world,” he added.In May, Trump and the U.S. Labor Department directed the board tasked with overseeing billions in federal retirement dollars to stop plans to invest in Chinese companies.Labor Secretary Eugene Scalia warned the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board at the time that its current plan to invest federal savings would place “billions of dollars in retirement savings in risky companies that pose a threat to U.S. national security.”The labor secretary, who cited bipartisan calls to restrict U.S. investment in Chinese stocks, wrote that the president is opposed to the board’s 2017 decision to allow its international fund to track an index that includes China-based stocks, based on national security and investor risk concerns.To invest in funds that include Chinese companies would “place millions of federal employees in the untenable position of choosing between forgoing any investment in international equities, or placing billions of dollars in retirement savings in risky companies that pose a threat to U.S. national security,” Scalia wrote.— CNBC’s Christina Wilkie contributed to this report. President Donald Trump on Thursday signed an executive order barring Americans from investing in a collection of Chinese companies that the White House believes support Beijing’s military.The order prohibits American companies and individuals from owning shares — outright or through investment funds — in companies the administration says help the advancement of the People’s Liberation Army.“The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is increasingly exploiting United States capital to resource and to enable the development and modernization of its military, intelligence, and other security apparatuses,” the president said in the order.- Advertisement –
– Advertisement – Pence did all of this for the usual reason: power, and the certainty that loyally holding Trump’s pants up for four years as Trump rampaged around the place would inevitably lead to Pence’s own nomination as Republicanism’s next presidential contender.Sucker. Now Donald Trump’s contemplating running again in 2024 (if the Secret Service eventually tosses him from the building), and where does that leave Mike Pence? Screwed. It leaves him on the corner of Boned and Screwed, down the street from a crematorium and real close to the sex toy shop.- Advertisement – What does Mike Pence have to show for it now? Not much. He won’t be able to run for president anytime soon, that’s for sure. He might be able to wrangle his way into a Celebrity Apprentice cameo, if that’s what it takes to pay the bills. For now, though, Trump is moping. Multiple reports suggest Trump has completely given up on his day job of being president. CNN reports that “he has thrown relatively few angry fits,” which is how we judge American presidents these days, but is despondent, pouting, and weighing the conflicting advice being given to him by Uday and Qusay Trump, who want him to press his coup-like position because they crave power, and Ivanka, who wants him to pack things in while his (her) brand still has cash value to it. The Wall Street Journal reports that Trump has no interest in a lame duck agenda or any other presidenting, no matter how much his staffers jingle those keys.The odds that Trump can successfully pull off a coup remain near zero. Eventually he is going to be pried from the building and, realistically, the only face-saving measure available to him will be to claim he will win the next election for sure. Probably. Maybe. For whatever length of time he remains unindicted.In the meantime, take a moment and pour one out for Mike Pence. Mike Pence was a good fascist. Mike Pence protected Trump even when it was long past obvious Trump was not only incompetent at the job, but recklessly incapable of fulfilling it. Even as Trump slid into delusion after delusion, Mike Pence backed him. Even as he committed impeachable acts, Pence was by his side. Even as Trump’s indifference killed a quarter million Americans, Mike Pence took to the podium to make damn sure Trump was able to do it slickly and with minimal interference.- Advertisement – The New York Times gives a bit of an inside look at the Mike Pence team, although to be honest the whole thing could have been written in advance. Mike Pence has been predictable as a sunrise through the Trump years. He wants to “distance” himself from the current completely batshit insane and dangerous thing Donald Trump is doing so as to protect his own ambitions. He also intends to support Trump in doing the insane and dangerous thing to whatever extent he has to in order to keep Trump’s favor. Pence will enable Trump to the end, but Trump has no such loyalty.It is exceedingly likely that Trump is going to announce he will be running in 2024, whether he truly intends to or not. He is obsessed with his cheering rally crowds. He needs the donations to keep flowing—donations that he may not be able to spend with total freedom, but that continue to be aggressively siphoned off to pay Trump’s gargantuan legal bills. He needs to be famous, and not just the kind of famous that allows a person to slap their name on mail-order steaks for pocket change.Whether he follows through with it or not, that means every Republican who has devoted themselves to Trump for the last four years now has their own presidential ambitions on hold, full stop—or they will be considered an enemy of Trump and Trump’s base. Mike Pence can’t run for president until Donald Trump gets out of the way, and nobody has ever, in history, been able to pry Donald Trump out of the way when Donald didn’t want to go. The man is willing to kill off his own relatives out of spite; he would relish the chance to immolate Mike Pence as he did Marco Rubio.- Advertisement –
Hand-washing methods used by employees An environmental assessment revealed problems with: BEDHD sanitarians discovered the restaurant had used a quaternary ammoniumbased sanitizer that was ineffective against norovirus. They directed the restaurant to disinfect the premises with bleach solution as specified in state guidelines. Cleaning and sanitizing of food-contact and nonfood-contact surfaces The BEDHD investigation included two studies: a descriptive study to characterize the people who became ill and an analytic study using case-control methods to determine if certain foods were linked to the illness. Nov 21, 2007 (CIDRAP News) Sick restaurant workers, including one who vomited in the kitchen, and inadequate cleaning products contributed to a norovirus outbreak at a Michigan restaurant in 2006 that sickened at least 364 customers, the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported today. Maintenance of hand-sink stations for employees. Of 584 people who were interviewed, 364 met the descriptive study’s case definition. Illness onset peaked on Jan 30, when the BEDHD was notified about the outbreak. Investigators found that norovirus transmission was already occurring before the cook vomited in the kitchen on Jan 28, and the illness attack rate was highest for customers who ate a few hours after the incident. CDC. Norovirus outbreak associated with ill food-service workersMichigan, January-February 2006. MMWR 2007;56(46):1212-16 [Full text] Of 32 restaurant employees who were interviewed, 17 said they had worked while they were sick, and 12 of them became ill after working on Jan 28, the day the cook vomited in the restaurant. The illness struck a greater percentage of cooks than of servers who worked that day63% versus 29%. However, 4 days later the department received reports of three more customers who became ill after eating at the restaurant on Feb 1. Norovirus genogroup I (GI) was detected in stool samples from several customers and workers, the report says. Several interventions were launched on Jan 30, the day the BEDHD learned of the outbreak. All of the food prepared between Jan 27 and 30 was discarded, sick employees were barred from the restaurant for at least 72 hours after their symptoms subsided, and the facility was thoroughly cleaned. An account of the outbreak investigation, handled by the Barry-Eaton District Health Department (BEDHD), appears in the Nov 23 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Monitoring of food temperatures and maintenance of proper conditions for potentially hazardous foods The analytic arm of the study, which involved 45 restaurant patrons who had been sick and 91 controls, found the antipasti platter and garlic mashed potatoes were associated with illness. The authors caution that some quaternary ammoniabased disinfectants claim they are effective against norovirus, but these products also contain alcohol and base their claims on laboratory studies of effectiveness against a proxy virus such as feline cailicvirus. The BEDHD first learned of the outbreak on Jan 30, when several customers reported gastrointestinal illnesses after having dined at the national chain restaurant 2 days earlier. Soon after launching epidemiologic and environmental investigations, the department identified an index case, a server who was sick with vomiting on about Jan 19 but did not work while ill. The worker’s sibling, who tended bar and handled some administrative duties at the restaurant, became ill with gastrointestinal symptoms 2 days later and worked on the first and second illness days. Stool samples tested by polymerase chain reaction were positive for norovirus GI; companion bacterial tests were negative. It says the outbreak was probably linked to a single infection source, because all stool samples tested positive for one norovirus groupGI/4. The health department contacted as many restaurant patrons as possible who ate at the restaurant between Jan 19 and Feb 3. Several others came forward after media reports publicized the outbreak. Investigators also interviewed the restaurant staff. On Jan 28, a line cook who was sick before his or her shift vomited into a waste bin near the frontline work station while on duty. The same employee worked the next day while still ill with loose stools. “In this outbreak, the restaurant’s use of cleaning cloths soaked with quaternary ammoniumbased cleaning product likely was ineffective in disinfecting the restaurant,” the report states. In the report, the CDC emphasizes that a vomiting incident can double the norovirus attack rate in an outbreak and that the line cook’s vomiting might have contributed to disease transmission. Contaminated surfaces and food likely contributed to transmission as well, the agency says.
See also: Initially, the authors hypothesized that the number of dengue cases would fall during intense mosquito-control efforts. “On the contrary, we found that these control activities only increased after the rise in dengue cases,” they wrote. The group found no association between mosquito-control activities and dengue incidence. Though other studies have found a connection between dengue and ENSO, previous studies used monthly, rather than weekly, data, the authors noted. They said their study design allowed them to make associations within shorter time intervals, which are more compatible with the timing of the mosquito life cycle. The investigators found that each 1ºC increase in sea-surface temperature was followed by an increase in the number of dengue casesa significant 46% increase in San Andres Tuxtla 16 weeks later (P=.001) and a 42% increase in Veracruz 20 weeks later (P=.002). Increases in rainfall and weekly minimum temperatures in the two cities were also found to be significantly related to dengue rates. During the study period, San Andres Tuxtla had greater annual rainfall and a lower mean temperature than Veracruz. July, August, and September were the rainiest months, and May and June were the hottest, the authors reported. The researchers obtained dengue case reports for the two towns from the Veracruz State Health Ministry. Also, the group examined weekly local activities to control Ades aegypti mosquitoes, which carry the dengue virus. There were 37,005 dengue cases reported in the state of Veracruz from 1995 to 2003; 6.8% were in San Andres Tuxtla and 12.2% in the city of Veracruz. For both towns, the number of dengue cases was highest in 1996-97 and 2002. The report said all four dengue serotypes have been identified in the state. Dec 13, 2007 (CIDRAP News) Researchers have found that increases in ocean temperatures triggered by El Nino were followed by increases in the incidence of dengue fever cases in Veracruz, a state on Mexico’s east coast that typically has one of the country’s highest dengue rates. The authors of the report, published in the November issue of Tropical Medicine and International Health, said they believe their study is the first to report an association between El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) indicators and dengue incidence in Mexico. ENSO is an ocean temperature phenomenon in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean that consists of warm (El Nino) and cold (La Nina) phases. The researchers wrote that Veracruz experiences heavy rain, flooding, and heat during El Nino phases of ENSO. Results of the study might be useful for developing an early warning system for prevention and control of dengue outbreaks in the cities included in the study, the authors wrote. “Climatic forces may work in parallel with sociocultural and epidemiological conditions,” they emphasized. From 1995 to 2003 they recorded weekly temperature readings and rainfall amounts from weather stations in two Veracruz cities: San Andres Tuxtla and Veracruz. As an ENSO indicator, they used weekly reports of sea-surface temperatures in a specific zone of the Pacific Ocean that were available from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Diaz-Hurtado M, Riojas-Rodriguez H, Rothenberg SJ, et al. Short communication: impact of climate variability on the incidence of dengue in Mexico. Trop Med Int Health 2007 Nov;12(11):1327-37 Aug 9 CIDRAP News story “Dengue fever expanding its foothold in Texas”
In the first six months of 2017 in the Split-Dalmatia County, according to the eVisitor system, 844 thousand tourists spent their holidays in commercial facilities, which is 27 percent more than in the same period last year, and in all forms of accommodation a total of about 3,88 million overnight stays. that is, 23 percent more than in 2016.The positive trend in the growth of tourist traffic was mostly contributed by foreign tourists, who came about 750 thousand or 30 percent more than in the same period last year. With 94 thousand arrivals of domestic tourists, a 6 percent better arrival was achieved, while with 285 thousand domestic overnight stays, their growth of 1 percent was recorded. “We ended the first half of this year with an extraordinary growth of arrivals and overnight stays, recognized by guests from all over the world, with the largest share in these pre-season arrivals had the city of Split with as much as 31 percent more arrivals and overnight stays. In the coming days, our region will host some of the world-famous and recognizable events, such as Ultra Europe, which will bring us tens of thousands of new guests, and put our offer in the focus of interest of the international public. We have a responsibility to confirm the acquired popularity and quality to every guest who has placed their trust in us.”Pointed out Joško Stella, director of the Split-Dalmatia Tourist Board.In the observed period, the largest number of arrivals from foreign markets were made by Germans (78.833), tourists from the UK market (59.009), Poles (56.735), tourists from South Korea (42.533), tourists from BiH (38.502), Sweden (37.125) and France (35.549). At the same time, the largest number of overnight stays was also recorded by Germans, Poles, Swedes, tourists from the UK market, tourists from BiH and the French. In June, 442 thousand domestic and foreign guests visited us in commercial accommodation, with a total of 2,39 million overnight stays recorded in all forms of accommodation, which is an increase of 24 percent compared to the previous year. Foreign tourists saw a 30 percent increase in arrivals and 25 percent in overnight stays in June.We all know how difficult it is to reach new guests, regardless of the current great popularity of Croatia as a tourist destination, but it is extremely important, and I can say and crucial to justify the trust and expectations of guests who chose Croatia for their vacation. Also, three times if not more is more expensive, to bring back a dissatisfied guest, especially in today’s competitive market where everyone is fighting for every guest.Likewise, the influence of social networks, both positively and negatively, can affect our image. Bad criticism spreads quickly, and the consequences can be very damaging in the long run. That is why it is extremely important to meet the expectations of guests, and I definitely recommend that you exceed their expectations. And you can do that best with small things and mutual interaction as a host and ambassador of Croatian tourism. Of course, I really care about long-term and sustainable tourism.Split Airport record During April 2017. more than 123.000 passengers passed through Split Airport, which is a record monthly increase of as much as 63% compared to the same month in 2016. Thus, in May this year, Split Airport had a turnover of 257.445 passengers, which is 25,8% more than last year.In June, passenger traffic was higher by the same percentage (25,4%) compared to the same month last year. During the first six months of 2017. the turnover was about 872.000 passengers, which is 27% more than in the first six months of last year.
Do you know how the world-famous dog Dalmatiner is, an autochthonous breed from Croatia?If we were to do market research on a global level, I am sure that most of the respondents would associate Dalmatians, ie Dalmatian dogs, with America, and not Croatia.The Dalmatian dog (Canis dalmaticus) is the most famous Croatian autochthonous dog breed in the world. The origin of the Dalmatian dog is based on paintings and records from church chronicles of the 16th – 18th century. The Dalmatian dog served as a military dog, guard at the border, companion of carriages and riders, as a hunting dog, bird and hound, and depictions of the Dalmatian dog were found on the altarpiece “Mother of God with Jesus and angels” in the church of Our Lady of the Angels in Veli Losinj , the island of Lošinj, Croatia dating from 1600-1630, and frescoes from Zaostrog, Dalmatia, Croatia. It follows that the origin of the Dalmatian dog is in the eastern part of the Mediterranean, especially in the historic province of Dalmatia.That is how the Dalmatian dog got its name from the province of Dalmatia, ie from the Dalmatian people.In the meantime, there is no need to worry about it. ”Unfortunately, the Dalmatian dog is more popular in the world, especially in America than in Croatia. Unfortunately, we are not responsible for that fact, but Walt Disney, who made the animated cartoon 1961 Dalmatians back in 101, and later in 1996 the film of the same name, which put the Dalmatian dog on the global map and experienced its true success. Also, later in 2000, a sequel to the popular film, 102 Dalmatians, was made, as well as various versions of cartoons for children.In addition to the animated and feature film Dalmatian Dog, he starred in many commercials promoting various American companies such as Budweiser, Google, McDonalds, RedBull and many others. But not in Croatia, and especially Dalmatia as a tourist destination from which it comes.Now, the logical question is: Why don’t we know how to use it to our advantage, through branding and tourism? Like, among other things, Tesla, Penkala, tie, parachute, zeppelin, etc.… even the planetarily popular red and white dice celebrated by our footballers, by which the whole world knows us, but we do not use them enough through branding. It’s like we’re ashamed of them.But things may change for the better, and finally the Dalmatian will become at least one part of the tourist mosaic in Croatia, more precisely in Zadar.Initiative launched to paint the pedestrian crossing in Zadar in the colors of Dalmatians – Zebra DalmatinkaNamely, on the initiative of Sandra Babac from Zadar, an initiative was launched to set up a pedestrian crossing in Zadarski mira Street 1358, on the stretch from Forum to the pier, where there is no pedestrian passage, but a lot of tourists pass, which will be outlined with Dalmatian dog patterns. . That is how Zadar would get its first “Zebra Dalmatinka”, as Babic called it from miles away.The idea for the Dalmatian zebra has been around for a long time, and it came from two facts. As Babac points out, the first is that there is no zebra drawn on that stretch, ie the pedestrian crossing, and the second is the tourist promotion of Dalmatia as well as Croatia “As a tourist guide who occasionally guides tourists around Zadar, it has been shown that tourists most often pass this way, in order to shorten the way to the Sea Organ and Greetings to the Sun. On the other hand, there is a chronic lack of time, especially for Asian guests who therefore choose shortcuts to stay longer in those locations such as Sun Salutation and Sea Organ. There are parks that, when they are done, do not initially pave the roads, ie paths, but first make a park and then see which way people are moving, and accordingly only then do the paths. So in this case, there is certainly a need for a pedestrian crossing at that location because that’s how groups move naturally, and then why not combine the story with the Dalmatian zebra and use it to promote Dalmatia and the whole of Croatia” concludes Sandra Babac, an entrepreneur who occasionally works in her free time as a tourist guide within the Association of Tourist Guides Donat from Zadar.On the other hand, there is a chronic lack of time, especially for Asian guests who therefore choose shortcuts in order to stay longer in those locations such as Greeting to the Sun and the Sea Organ, Babac points out. “The plan is not only to place a zebra on the mentioned location, but also to use one fact, and that is that the famous Dalmatian breed originates from Dalmatia, so the zebra on specific spots of a Dalmatian dog could be an attractive tourist product, the first of its kind in Croatia. So Zadar would get its first zebra Dalmatian as I called it” Sandra Babac points out, and adds that every Zebra Dalmatian woman “should have an educational and informative board about the history of Dalmatians in order to educate tourists.Definitely a great initiative that needs to be implemented as soon as possible. In fact, why not look at the bigger picture and paint all the pedestrian crossings in the whole of Dalmatia, or at least those in the very center of the city and next to tourist attractions?If we do not tell that story and we are not proud of it, then it is quite certain that no one else will tell it for us and promote us for free. In addition, if we are talking about dog / pet friendly accommodation, beaches, parks, cafes – destinations, are there better links and ambassadors than Dalmatians. Being recognizable all over the world by one slogan, subject, sentence… is the holy grail in marketing, and yet it has images, but no tone. And not one, but several of them. We have a problem, ie sweet worries, what to single out as, say, the three main features that connect us with Croatia. From a tie, a parachute to Tesla and a Dalmatian.Photo: Sandra BabacWe have something to be proud of, as well as “play” in the world of marketing where it is increasingly difficult and expensive to get attention, stand out and be recognizable. Croatia’s biggest advantage is our incredible diversity and authenticity. We do not understand each other from region to region and we have a totally different way and culture of living, how different they are.It is this authenticity that is our biggest advantage and must be our main tourist product, of course with the sun and the sea. We don’t have to make up stories, we have to be what we are – Croats. It is our authentic and incredible true stories that need to be nicely packaged and told, and one of the great stories is certainly the story of the Dalmatian.After all, this would not be the first pedestrian crossing in Croatia to be painted in another form. In Zagreb, in front of the Maksimir Stadium, a pedestrian crossing is drawn in the shape of a zebra pattern, promoting the Zagreb Zoo. Also, if London and other world cities can have zebras / pedestrian crossings painted in various colors and motifs, surely Zadar can.Will Zadar get its Zebra Dalmatian? The initiative has been launched, now they are on the move of the city service.Related news:IF AT LEAST A TIE WAS A CROATIAN PRODUCT, THE WHOLE WORLD WOULD KNOW ABOUT CROATIAWHY ARE WE ASHAMED OF TESLA, PENKALA, VRANČIĆ AND ALL OUR OTHER INNOVATORS?